'Intelligent people are more likely to trust others'

March 12, 2014
'Intelligent people are more likely to trust others'
Intelligent people may be better at judging character

(Medical Xpress)—Intelligent people are more likely to trust others, while those who score lower on measures of intelligence are less likely to do so, says a new study.

Oxford University researchers based their finding on an analysis of the General Social Survey, a nationally representative public opinion survey carried out in the United States every one to two years.

The authors say one explanation could be that more intelligent individuals are better at judging character and so they tend to form relationships with people who are less likely to betray them.

Another reason could be that smarter individuals are better at weighing up situations, recognising when there is a strong incentive for the other person not to meet their side of the deal.

The study, published in the journal PLOS ONE, supports previous research that analysed data on trust and from European countries. The authors say the research is significant because social trust contributes to the success of important social institutions, such as welfare systems and financial markets. In addition, research shows that individuals who trust others report and greater happiness.

The Oxford researchers found, however, that the links between trust and health, and between trust and happiness, are not explained by intelligence. For example, who trust others might have only reported better health and greater happiness because they were more intelligent. But this turns out not to be the case. The finding confirms that trust is a valuable resource for an individual, and is not simply a proxy for intelligence.

Lead author Noah Carl, from the Department of Sociology, said: 'Intelligence is shown to be linked with trusting others, even after taking into account factors like marital status, education and income. This finding supports what other researchers have argued, namely that being a good judge of character is a distinct part of human intelligence which evolved through natural selection. However, there are other possible interpretations of the evidence, and further research is needed to disentangle them.'

Researcher Professor Francesco Billari, also from the Department of Sociology, said: 'People who trust others seem to report better health and greater happiness. The study of therefore has wider implications in public health, governmental policy and private charity, and there are good reasons to think that governments, religious groups and other civic organisations should try to cultivate more trust in society. Social has become an increasingly important topic for academics, who want to understand the causes of better health and greater happiness within society.'

Explore further: Resilience in trying times—a result of positive actions

More information: Carl N, Billari FC (2014) "Generalized Trust and Intelligence in the United States." PLoS ONE 9(3): e91786. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091786

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9 comments

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orti
3 / 5 (2) Mar 12, 2014
I don't want to sound unintelligent, unhappy or unhealthy, but how do they know what is cause and what is effect?
Sinister1812
1 / 5 (3) Mar 12, 2014
I'm skeptical as well. What happened to learning from experience and not trusting everyone..
Sinister1812
not rated yet Mar 12, 2014
Wow, 1/5 from two people, who can't even tell me what was so wrong about my argument... Bloody cowardly.
Sinister1812
not rated yet Mar 12, 2014
This is what I meant earlier about people believing everything they read.. *hint* vietvet *hint* judge_fudge
russell_russell
5 / 5 (1) Mar 13, 2014
Missing is the 'blind' trust from birth til an age where trust gains 'sight' from being broken.

The first breaks in trust determine how future trust is dispense.
russell_russell
5 / 5 (1) Mar 13, 2014
dispense = dispensed
typo - see above comment
ziphead
5 / 5 (1) Mar 14, 2014
Wow, 1/5 from two people, who can't even tell me what was so wrong about my argument... Bloody cowardly.


Maybe they don't trust you enough to engage... ;)
Sinister1812
not rated yet Mar 14, 2014
Wow, 1/5 from two people, who can't even tell me what was so wrong about my argument... Bloody cowardly.


Maybe they don't trust you enough to engage... ;)


Haha, that's what I was thinking... Too bad, I was going to ask them for donations for cancer research. :P
dawgeatdog
5 / 5 (1) Mar 16, 2014
Its not intelligence at all. Its life experience, and if you spend most of your formative years dealing with unsavory sorts-----another drug deal gone bad, your buddy snitching you out for a more lenient sentence, ----you become kind of leery.

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