Foot And Mouth Disease
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(Medical Xpress)—A new vaccine against foot-and-mouth disease that is safer to produce and easier to store has been developed by scientists from the University of Oxford and The Pirbright Institute.
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(AP)—Vietnam has recorded more cases of hand, foot and mouth disease this year than in 2011, but the fatality rate has decreased sharply.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Nov 09, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
When foot-and-mouth disease swept through the British countryside in early 2001, more than 10 million sheep, cattle and pigs were slaughtered to control the disease. Despite the devastation, the disease was contained within ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Nov 01, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
(Medical Xpress)—Your child goes to bed in perfect health. The next morning she wakes up with high fever, malaise and bright red blisters erupting all over her body. Johns Hopkins Children's Center dermatologists say the ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Aug 28, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
(AP) Thailand has confirmed its first fatality this year from a virus that has killed hundreds of children across Asia.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Jul 24, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
(AP) Cambodia is closing all kindergarten and primary schools two weeks before a regular vacation to try to stop the spread of a virus that has killed hundreds of young children around Asia.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Jul 18, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
A Chinese province urged parents Sunday to seek immediate treatment for children showing symptoms of hand, foot and mouth disease after official figures showed 112 people died from the illness last month.
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(AP) Tran Minh Giang has spent more than a third of his young life in a Vietnamese hospital, and it could be many months more before he can go home. All for a disease that in Asia is as common as chicken ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Jul 12, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Hand, foot and mouth disease outbreak questions answered by Loyola pediatric infectious disease specialist
(Medical Xpress) -- A mysterious disease that has killed nearly 60 children in Cambodia has been identified by the World Health Organization as enterovirus 71. This virus is one among a family of viruses that causes a variety of il ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Jul 11, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
(AP) A deadly form of a common childhood illness has been linked to the mysterious child deaths in Cambodia that sparked alarm after a cause could not immediately be determined, health officials said ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Jul 09, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
It's not bird flu or SARS, and nor does it appear to be contagious, but little more is known about a mysterious disease that has killed dozens of Cambodian children, some within 24 hours of being hospitalised.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Jul 08, 2012 | 3 / 5 (2) | 1
Foot-and-mouth disease or hoof-and-mouth disease (Aphtae epizooticae) is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild bovids. The virus causes a high fever for two or three days, followed by blisters inside the mouth and on the feet that may rupture and cause lameness.
Foot-and-mouth disease is a severe plague for animal farming, since it is highly infectious and can be spread by infected animals through aerosols, through contact with contaminated farming equipment, vehicles, clothing or feed, and by domestic and wild predators. Its containment demands considerable efforts in vaccination, strict monitoring, trade restrictions and quarantines, and occasionally the elimination of millions of animals.
Susceptible animals include cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, pigs, antelope, deer, and bison. It has also been known to infect hedgehogs, elephants, llama, and alpaca may develop mild symptoms, but are resistant to the disease and do not pass it on to others of the same species. In laboratory experiments, mice and rats and chickens have been successfully infected by artificial means, but it is not believed that they would contract the disease under natural conditions. Humans are very rarely affected.
The virus responsible for the disease is a picornavirus, the prototypic member of the genus Aphthovirus. Infection occurs when the virus particle is taken into a cell of the host. The cell is then forced to manufacture thousands of copies of the virus, and eventually bursts, releasing the new particles in the blood. The virus is highly variable, which limits the effectiveness of vaccination.
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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