Foot And Mouth Disease
New research findings may help scientists design drugs to treat a virus infection that causes potentially fatal brain swelling and paralysis in children.
Medical research Mar 21, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—A new vaccine against foot-and-mouth disease that is safer to produce and easier to store has been developed by scientists from the University of Oxford and The Pirbright Institute.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Mar 28, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
(PhysOrg.com) -- Researchers from the University of California, Davis, and elsewhere are reporting the development of two genetically engineered vaccines to combat the mosquito-borne Rift Valley fever, devastating ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Aug 24, 2011 | not rated yet | 0 |
It's not bird flu or SARS, and nor does it appear to be contagious, but little more is known about a mysterious disease that has killed dozens of Cambodian children, some within 24 hours of being hospitalised.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Jul 08, 2012 | 3 / 5 (2) | 1
(Medical Xpress)—Your child goes to bed in perfect health. The next morning she wakes up with high fever, malaise and bright red blisters erupting all over her body. Johns Hopkins Children's Center dermatologists say the ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Aug 28, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
The Agency for Science, Technology and Research (A*STAR) and Veredus Laboratories, a leading supplier of innovative molecular diagnostic tools, announced the launch of VereTrop, the first biochip in the molecular diagnostics ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Apr 25, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Scientists who study HIV are facing a troubling consequence of their own success. They created drugs that can now give infected patients almost normal life expectancy. However, those same drugs will eventually ...
HIV & AIDS Jan 16, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
In a worst-case scenario simulation of a foot-and-mouth disease outbreak in Mexico, researchers found that establishing a good surveillance system and raising a more resilient breed of cattle could lessen the blow to the ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Feb 16, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
(AP) -- The World Health Organization says an outbreak of hand, foot and mouth disease has surged in Vietnam, killing 98 children and sickening more than 42,000 others this year.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Sep 10, 2011 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
(AP) A deadly form of a common childhood illness has been linked to the mysterious child deaths in Cambodia that sparked alarm after a cause could not immediately be determined, health officials said ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Jul 09, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
When foot-and-mouth disease swept through the British countryside in early 2001, more than 10 million sheep, cattle and pigs were slaughtered to control the disease. Despite the devastation, the disease was contained within ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Nov 01, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
(AP) -- The world should get ready for a new Made in China product - vaccines.
Medications Nov 29, 2011 | 5 / 5 (4) | 0
A new approach to vaccinating cattle could help farmers worldwide, research suggests.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Oct 27, 2011 | not rated yet | 1
(AP) -- Vietnam's prime minister has put the country on alert as an outbreak of hand, foot and mouth disease continues to surge, killing 81 children and sickening more than 32,000 people nationwide so far this year, officials ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Aug 19, 2011 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Researchers from Yale University are looking to a virus from the same family as the rabies virus to fight a form of cancer primarily found in children and young adults. They report their findings in the September 2011 issue ...
Cancer Aug 29, 2011 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Foot-and-mouth disease or hoof-and-mouth disease (Aphtae epizooticae) is an infectious and sometimes fatal viral disease that affects cloven-hoofed animals, including domestic and wild bovids. The virus causes a high fever for two or three days, followed by blisters inside the mouth and on the feet that may rupture and cause lameness.
Foot-and-mouth disease is a severe plague for animal farming, since it is highly infectious and can be spread by infected animals through aerosols, through contact with contaminated farming equipment, vehicles, clothing or feed, and by domestic and wild predators. Its containment demands considerable efforts in vaccination, strict monitoring, trade restrictions and quarantines, and occasionally the elimination of millions of animals.
Susceptible animals include cattle, water buffalo, sheep, goats, pigs, antelope, deer, and bison. It has also been known to infect hedgehogs, elephants, llama, and alpaca may develop mild symptoms, but are resistant to the disease and do not pass it on to others of the same species. In laboratory experiments, mice and rats and chickens have been successfully infected by artificial means, but it is not believed that they would contract the disease under natural conditions. Humans are very rarely affected.
The virus responsible for the disease is a picornavirus, the prototypic member of the genus Aphthovirus. Infection occurs when the virus particle is taken into a cell of the host. The cell is then forced to manufacture thousands of copies of the virus, and eventually bursts, releasing the new particles in the blood. The virus is highly variable, which limits the effectiveness of vaccination.
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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