Genetic Defects

Two key proteins preserve vital genetic information

Cancer is often driven by various genetic mutations that are acquired through changes to a person's DNA over time. These alterations can occur at the chromosome level if the proteins are not properly organized and segregated ...

Aug 22, 2016
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Discovery of a novel gene for hereditary colon cancer

The formation of large numbers of polyps in the colon has a high probability of developing into colon cancer, if left untreated. The large-scale appearance of polyps is often due to a hereditary cause; in this case the disease ...

Jul 28, 2016
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Thyroid tumor: It takes two to tango

Autonomous adenomas are the most common benign tumors of the thyroid gland. Mutations in two genes account for around 70 percent of the cases. Scientists from the University of Würzburg (Germany) have now discovered another ...

Aug 08, 2016
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Healing broken hearts

During each of her two pregnancies, Jennifer Solms Nelson studied the results of her ultrasound a bit more intensely than other expectant mothers. Whereas most might scan the grainy black-and-white images for ten fingers ...

Jul 22, 2016
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A genetic disorder is an illness caused by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes, especially a condition that is present from before birth. Most genetic disorders are quite rare and affect one person in every several thousands or millions.

A genetic disorder may or may not be a heritable disorder. Some genetic disorders are passed down from the parents' genes, but others are always or almost always caused by new mutations or changes to the DNA. In other cases, the same disease, such as some forms of cancer, may be caused by an inherited genetic condition in some people, by new mutations in other people, and by non-genetic causes in still other people.

Some types of recessive gene disorders confer an advantage in certain environments when only one copy of the gene is present.

This text uses material from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA

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