Neuron

Who learns from the carrot, and who from the stick?

To flexibly deal with our ever-changing world, we need to learn from both the negative and positive consequences of our behaviour. In other words, from punishment and reward. Hanneke den Ouden from the Donders Institute in ...

Nov 22, 2013
popularity 4.2 / 5 (11) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

Genetic defect keeps verbal cues from hitting the mark

A genetic defect that profoundly affects speech in humans also disrupts the ability of songbirds to sing effective courtship tunes. This defect in a gene called FoxP2 renders the brain circuitry insensitive to feel-good chemicals ...

Nov 21, 2013
popularity 3.3 / 5 (4) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

Observing brain activity during learning errors

(Medical Xpress)—A major goal in neuroscience is to be able to use magnetic resonance images of brain activity to identify how a person learns. Researchers from ETH and the University of Zurich have taken ...

Oct 18, 2013
popularity 5 / 5 (4) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

The brain's neural thermostat

As we learn and develop, our neurons change. They make new pathways and connections as our brain processes new information. In order to do this, individual neurons use an internal gauge to maintain a delicate balance that ...

Oct 16, 2013
popularity 5 / 5 (3) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

When neurons have less to say, they speak up

The brain is an extremely adaptable organ – but it is also quite conservative. That's in short, what scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Neurobiology in Martinsried and their colleagues from the ...

Oct 16, 2013
popularity 4.6 / 5 (11) | comments 1 | with audio podcast

Schizophrenia linked to abnormal brain waves

Schizophrenia patients usually suffer from a breakdown of organized thought, often accompanied by delusions or hallucinations. For the first time, MIT neuroscientists have observed the neural activity that ...

Oct 16, 2013
popularity 4.9 / 5 (14) | comments 6 | with audio podcast