Researchers design respirators for children with neuromuscular diseases

TU Delft designs respirators for children with neuromuscular diseases
3D imaging system for the development of the breathing mask.

TU Delft is developing a special respirator for children with a neuromuscular disease. The Sporters in Actie foundation collected €100,000 for research on this breathing mask during the 'Greatest Golf Tournament in the World' in Zoetermeer on Saturday 6 April.

Many neuromuscular diseases damage respiratory muscles, so that artificial respiration becomes necessary in time. As yet, there are no special respirators for small (up to the age of six) who require artificial respiration for extended periods. These children often have to use designed for adults. As the masks often do not fit properly this can lead to serious problems, such as caused by escaping air, facial and dental deformation, insufficient ventilation caused by leaking masks, pressure spots on the nose and forehead because the mask has to be tightened extra fast, and caused by the mask shifting due to the poor fit.

3D

TU Delft is developing a special children's . The project will cost €250,000 and the contribution by the 'Greatest Golf Tournament in the World' will help to complete the research so the mask can actually be produced. PhD student Lyè Goto of TU Delft's Faculty of Industrial Design Engineering has been developing the new mask for over a year now. 'The first and most important step is the collection of what we call the anthropometric data. These data help describe the shape of an average child's face per age category and gender. We build an inventory of 3D images of a large population of children's faces, paying particular attention to the level of diversity between the individual children. To do this, we have a system made up of six digital cameras which record the faces from various angles.'

Researchers design respirators for children with neuromuscular diseases

Prototypes

Goto is presently photographing the faces of a few hundred healthy children aged between six months and six years. These data will be supplemented with the data of patients with neuromuscular diseases, which is necessary because these children's faces may be malformed by the disease.

'Next we have to analyse the anthropometric data, which can be a very complex operation,' explains Goto. 'Once we have completed the analysis we can deliberate on the design of the mask. We will have to decide whether to produce masks in different sizes or size categories, or to choose a modular design with a separate facepiece, or maybe another solution. I will have working prototypes ready by the third year of my PhD research, after which we want to involve the industry in the project.'

TU Delft is collaborating on the research with Sophia Children's hospital in Rotterdam, Youth Healthcare and other scientists. Dr Johan Molenbroek, TU Delft's project leader: 'The treatment of these children has been suboptimal for decades. Thanks to this research, soon the youngest children will be able to have their own personal and comfortably fitting respirators as well. The children and their parents and carers will sleep better at night and we will see fewer complications among these young patients.'

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Recommended for you

Liberia holds Senate vote amid Ebola fears

4 hours ago

Health workers manned polling stations across Liberia on Saturday as voters cast their ballots in a twice-delayed Senate vote that has been criticized for its potential to spread the deadly Ebola disease.

Evidence-based recs issued for systemic care in psoriasis

Dec 19, 2014

(HealthDay)—For appropriately selected patients with psoriasis, combining biologics with other systemic treatments, including phototherapy, oral medications, or other biologic, may result in greater efficacy ...

Bacteria in caramel apples kills at least four in US

Dec 19, 2014

A listeria outbreak believed to originate from commercially packaged caramel apples has killed at least four people in the United States and sickened 28 people since November, officials said Friday.

Steroid-based treatment may answer needs of pediatric EoE patients

Dec 19, 2014

A new formulation of oral budesonide suspension, a steroid-based treatment, is safe and effective in treating pediatric patients with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE), according to a new study in Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology, the official clinical practice journal ...

Discovery of genes that predispose a severe form of COPD

Dec 19, 2014

A study by Ramcés Falfán-Valencia, researcher at the National Institute of Respiratory Diseases (INER), found that the mestizo Mexican population has a number of variations in certain genes that predispose ...

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.