News tagged with brain disorders
Scientists have discovered for the first time how humans – and other mammals – have evolved to have intelligence.
Neuroscience Dec 02, 2012 | 3.8 / 5 (33) | 12 |
Genes linked to autism and schizophrenia are only switched on during the early stages of brain development, according to a study in mice led by researchers at the University of Oxford.
Genetics Feb 11, 2013 | 3.4 / 5 (30) | 0 |
A parasite thought to be harmless and found in many people may actually be causing subtle changes in the brain, leading to suicide attempts.
Medical research Aug 16, 2012 | 4.8 / 5 (17) | 4 |
Autism results from abnormal cell communication. Testing a new theory, researchers at the University of California, San Diego School of Medicine have used a newly discovered function of an old drug to restore cell communications ...
Autism spectrum disorders Mar 13, 2013 | 5 / 5 (16) | 12 |
Every cell in our bodies runs on a 24-hour clock, tuned to the night-day, light-dark cycles that have ruled us since the dawn of humanity. The brain acts as timekeeper, keeping the cellular clock in sync ...
Medical research May 13, 2013 | 4 / 5 (19) | 4 |
(Medical Xpress)—Specific DNA once dismissed as junk plays an important role in brain development and might be involved in several devastating neurological diseases, UC San Francisco scientists have found.
Genetics Apr 15, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (14) | 2 |
Researchers discover sleep mechanism critical to memory consolidation and find that Ambien enhances the process
(Medical Xpress)—A team of sleep researchers led by UC Riverside psychologist Sara C. Mednick has confirmed the mechanism that enables the brain to consolidate memory and found that a commonly prescribed ...
Neuroscience Mar 12, 2013 | 4 / 5 (13) | 7 |
(Medical Xpress) -- The brain has billions of neurons, arranged in complex circuits that allow us to perceive the world, control our movements and make decisions. Deciphering those circuits is critical to ...
Neuroscience Aug 08, 2012 | 4.5 / 5 (11) | 9 |
(Medical Xpress)—When the mind is at rest, the electrical signals by which brain cells communicate appear to travel in reverse, wiping out unimportant information in the process, but sensitizing the cells ...
Neuroscience Mar 19, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (9) | 2 |
(HealthDay)—Deep brain stimulation has helped people with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder, and new research begins to explain why.
Neuroscience Feb 24, 2013 | 5 / 5 (8) | 2 |
Mouse brain made transparent: Method enables 3-D analysis of brain's fine structure and connections (w/ video)
Combining neuroscience and chemical engineering, researchers at Stanford University have developed a process that renders a mouse brain transparent. The postmortem brain remains whole—not sliced or sectioned in any way—with ...
Neuroscience Apr 10, 2013 | 5 / 5 (8) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—New research shows that drinking one to three glasses of champagne a week may counteract the memory loss associated with ageing, and could help delay the onset of degenerative brain disorders, ...
Health May 08, 2013 | 4.4 / 5 (9) | 5 |
(Medical Xpress)—What makes us happy? Family? Money? Love? How about a peptide? The neurochemical changes underlying human emotions and social behavior are largely unknown. Now though, for the first time in humans, scientists ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Mar 07, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (8) | 0 |
Differences in the physical connections of the brain are at the root of what make people think and behave differently from one another. Researchers reporting in the February 6 issue of the Cell Press journal ...
Neuroscience Feb 06, 2013 | 3.9 / 5 (9) | 0 |
An excess of the brain neurotransmitter glutamate may cause a transition to psychosis in people who are at risk for schizophrenia, reports a study from investigators at Columbia University Medical Center (CUMC) published ...
Neuroscience Apr 18, 2013 | 5 / 5 (7) | 0 |
A mental disorder or mental illness is a psychological or behavioral pattern that occurs in an individual and is thought to cause distress or disability that is not expected as part of normal development or culture. The recognition and understanding of mental disorders has changed over time and across cultures. Definitions, assessments, and classifications of mental disorders can vary, but guideline criteria listed in the ICD, DSM and other manuals are widely accepted by mental health professionals. Categories of diagnoses in these schemes may include dissociative disorders, mood disorders, anxiety disorders, psychotic disorders, eating disorders, developmental disorders, personality disorders, ambulatory disorders and many other categories. In many cases there is no single accepted or consistent cause of mental disorders, although they are often explained in terms of a diathesis-stress model and biopsychosocial model. Mental disorders have been found to be common, with over a third of people in most countries reporting sufficient criteria at some point in their life. Services for mental disorders may be based in hospitals or in the community. Mental health professionals diagnose individuals using different methodologies, often relying on case history and interview. Psychotherapy and psychiatric medication are two major treatment options, as well as supportive interventions and self-help. Treatment may be involuntary where legislation allows. Several movements campaign for changes to services and attitudes.
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