News tagged with cartilage
(Medical Xpress)—Researchers in Spain, led by doctor Francisco Fernandez-Aviles, are blazing a trail in bioengineering that could result, the Wall Street Journal reports, in human hearts, or parts of them, being grown in a lab and transplanted into live patients, within ...
Medical research Mar 25, 2013 | 5 / 5 (12) | 0 |
Neurosurgery researchers at UC Davis Health System have used a new, leading-edge stem cell therapy to promote the growth of bone tissue following the removal of cervical discs -- the cushions between the bones in the neck ...
Neuroscience Sep 06, 2011 | 5 / 5 (8) | 5 |
(Medical Xpress)—Researchers in the US have created a type of hydrogel that has proven to be effective in treating patients with damaged cartilage. The gel, the team writes, in their paper published in ...
Medical research Jan 11, 2013 | 4.4 / 5 (8) | 1 |
Scientists at Johns Hopkins have turned their view of osteoarthritis (OA) inside out. Literally. Instead of seeing the painful degenerative disease as a problem primarily of the cartilage that cushions joints, ...
Arthritis & Rheumatism May 19, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (7) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress) -- A research team from drug maker Novartis has discovered a compound that spurs cartilage growth in mice. As they describe in their paper published in the journal Science, the team has found that when a ...
Medical research Apr 06, 2012 | 5 / 5 (5) | 0 |
Cornell bioengineers and physicians have created an artificial ear – using 3-D printing and injectable molds – that looks and acts like a natural ear, giving new hope to thousands of children born with a congenital deformity ...
Medical research Feb 20, 2013 | 4.2 / 5 (5) | 0 |
A medication already approved to build bone mass in patients with osteoporosis also builds cartilage around joints and could potentially be repurposed to treat millions of people suffering from arthritis, according to orthopaedic ...
Medical research Sep 21, 2011 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
Cartilage, bone, and skin can already be regenerated in vitro, and these tissues are currently available for clinical applications. However, regeneration of more complex tissues such as the liver and pancreas ...
Medical research Oct 31, 2011 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0
Researchers at Northwestern University have developed a new method for creating scaffolds for tissue engineering applications, providing an alternative that is more flexible and less time-intensive than current technology.
Medical research Feb 10, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—New research has shown that it is possible to grow new bone by "nanokicking" stem cells 1,000 times per second using high frequency vibrations.
Medical research Apr 05, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 2 |
About 27 million Americans suffer from arthritis, and more than three million of those cases result from a joint injury, often in the knee, that provokes slow and steady cartilage deterioration.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Sep 02, 2011 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Kyle Figuray eyed the reflection of his ear with intense fascination.
Medical research Sep 30, 2011 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
Researchers from the Bellvitge Biomedical Research Institute (IDIBELL) have studied for the first time the response of human NK cells (Natural Killer) against porcine chondrocytes (cartilage cells).
Medical research Feb 22, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
A cartilage gel being developed by tissue engineers and biochemists at the University of Sydney could bring increased mobility to people living with debilitating sports injuries.
Medical research Mar 08, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
(Medical Xpress) -- The same genes that promote healing after cartilage damage also appear to protect against osteoarthritis, a condition caused by years of wear-and-tear on the cartilage between joints, new ...
Arthritis & Rheumatism Apr 27, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Cartilage is a type of dense connective tissue existing within many joints. It is composed of specialized cells called chondrocytes that produce a large amount of extracellular matrix composed of collagen fibers, abundant ground substance rich in proteoglycan, and elastin fibers. Cartilage is classified in three types, elastic cartilage, hyaline cartilage and fibrocartilage, which differ in the relative amounts of these three main components.
Cartilage is found in many areas in the body, including the articular surface of the bones, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes and the intervertebral discs. Its mechanical properties are intermediate between bone and dense connective tissue like tendon.
Unlike other connective tissues, cartilage does not contain blood vessels. The chondrocytes are fed by diffusion, helped by the pumping action generated by compression of the articular cartilage or flexion of the elastic cartilage. Thus, compared to other connective tissues, cartilage grows and repairs more slowly.
For more information about Cartilage, read the full article at
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.