News tagged with deep brain stimulation
Neurological disorders can have a devastating impact on the lives of sufferers and their families.
Neuroscience May 17, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
New research reveals that Solanaceae—a flowering plant family with some species producing foods that are edible sources of nicotine—may provide a protective effect against Parkinson's disease. The study appearing today ...
Parkinson's & Movement disorders May 09, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(Medical Xpress)—Deep brain stimulation (DBS) in a precise region of the brain appears to reduce caloric intake and prompt weight loss in obese animal models, according to a new study led by researchers at the University ...
Neuroscience Apr 24, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Slow oscillations in brain activity, which occur during so-called slow-wave sleep, are critical for retaining memories. Researchers reporting online April 11 in the Cell Press journal Neuron have found that p ...
Neuroscience Apr 11, 2013 | 4.6 / 5 (5) | 0 |
Success in patients with major depression: For the first time, physicians stimulated patients' medial forebrain bundles
Researchers from the Bonn University Hospital implanted pacemaker electrodes into the medial forebrain bundle in the brains of patients suffering from major depression with amazing results: In six out of ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Apr 09, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (7) | 5
(HealthDay)—Researchers are testing whether applying electrical stimulation directly to the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease might improve thinking, focus and alertness.
Alzheimer's disease & dementia Mar 28, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Despite the well known inaccuracies of polygraph lie detectors, they remain in widespread, if selective, use by the criminal justice system. While they are far from truth machines, if the ...
Neuroscience Mar 26, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 6 |
Deep Brain Stimulation shows promise for patients with chronic, treatment resistant anorexia nervosa
In a world first, a team of researchers at the Krembil Neuroscience Centre and the University Health Network have shown that Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) in patients with chronic, severe and treatment-resistant Anorexia Nervosa ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Mar 06, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
A team of scientists and clinicians at UC San Francisco has discovered how to detect abnormal brain rhythms associated with Parkinson's by implanting electrodes within the brains of people with the disease.
Parkinson's & Movement disorders Mar 04, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 1 |
(HealthDay)—Deep brain stimulation has helped people with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder, and new research begins to explain why.
Neuroscience Feb 24, 2013 | 5 / 5 (8) | 2 |
A new therapy could help suppress tremors in people with Parkinson's disease, an Oxford University study suggests.
Parkinson's & Movement disorders Feb 18, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
Some 90,000 patients per year are treated for Parkinson's disease, a number that is expected to rise by 25 percent annually. Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS), which consists of electrically stimulating the central or peripheral ...
Parkinson's & Movement disorders Feb 18, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0
People with Parkinson's disease who receive Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) therapy in the early stages of the condition will benefit from a significant increase in quality of life, a revolutionary study from ...
Neuroscience Feb 14, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
For many patients with difficult-to-treat neuropathic pain, deep brain stimulation (DBS) can lead to long-term improvement in pain scores and other outcomes, according to a study in the February issue of Neurosurgery.
Neuroscience Feb 13, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
Two patients freed from severe to disabling effects of dystonia through deep brain stimulation therapy continued to have symptom relief for months after their devices accidentally were fully or partly turned off, according ...
Neuroscience Feb 12, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Deep brain stimulation
In neurotechnology, deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical treatment involving the implantation of a medical device called a brain pacemaker, which sends electrical impulses to specific parts of the brain. DBS in select brain regions has provided remarkable therapeutic benefits for otherwise treatment-resistant movement and affective disorders such as chronic pain, Parkinson’s disease, tremor and dystonia. Despite the long history of DBS, its underlying principles and mechanisms are still not clear. DBS directly changes brain activity in a controlled manner, its effects are reversible (unlike those of lesioning techniques) and is one of only a few neurosurgical methods that allows blinded studies.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved DBS as a treatment for essential tremor in 1997, for Parkinson's disease in 2002, and dystonia in 2003. DBS is also routinely used to treat chronic pain and has been used to treat various affective disorders, including major depression. While DBS has proven helpful for some patients, there is potential for serious complications and side effects.
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