News tagged with deep brain stimulation
(Medical Xpress)—Despite the well known inaccuracies of polygraph lie detectors, they remain in widespread, if selective, use by the criminal justice system. While they are far from truth machines, if the ...
Neuroscience Mar 26, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 6 |
A team of scientists and clinicians at UC San Francisco has discovered how to detect abnormal brain rhythms associated with Parkinson's by implanting electrodes within the brains of people with the disease.
Parkinson's & Movement disorders Mar 04, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 1 |
(HealthDay)—Deep brain stimulation has helped people with severe obsessive-compulsive disorder, and new research begins to explain why.
Neuroscience Feb 24, 2013 | 5 / 5 (8) | 2 |
A new study shows that deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a safe and effective intervention for treatment-resistant depression in patients with either unipolar major depressive disorder (MDD) or bipolar ll disorder (BP). The ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Jan 02, 2012 | 4.5 / 5 (11) | 21 |
(Medical Xpress) -- What drives addicts to repeatedly choose drugs, alcohol, cigarettes, overeating, gambling or kleptomania, despite the risks involved?
Neuroscience Oct 30, 2011 | 3.6 / 5 (10) | 11 |
Take your time. Hold your horses. Sleep on it. When people must decide between arguably equal choices, they need time to deliberate. In the case of people undergoing deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson's disease, that ...
Neuroscience Sep 25, 2011 | 4.8 / 5 (11) | 5 |
Neurological disorders can have a devastating impact on the lives of sufferers and their families.
Neuroscience May 17, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Deep brain stimulation (DBS) in a precise region of the brain appears to reduce caloric intake and prompt weight loss in obese animal models, according to a new study led by researchers at the University ...
Neuroscience Apr 24, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Slow oscillations in brain activity, which occur during so-called slow-wave sleep, are critical for retaining memories. Researchers reporting online April 11 in the Cell Press journal Neuron have found that p ...
Neuroscience Apr 11, 2013 | 4.6 / 5 (5) | 0 |
(HealthDay)—Researchers are testing whether applying electrical stimulation directly to the brains of people with Alzheimer's disease might improve thinking, focus and alertness.
Alzheimer's disease & dementia Mar 28, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
A new therapy could help suppress tremors in people with Parkinson's disease, an Oxford University study suggests.
Parkinson's & Movement disorders Feb 18, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
For many patients with difficult-to-treat neuropathic pain, deep brain stimulation (DBS) can lead to long-term improvement in pain scores and other outcomes, according to a study in the February issue of Neurosurgery.
Neuroscience Feb 13, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Researchers at the University of Florida have performed deep brain stimulation on a patient with Alzheimer's disease as part of a clinical trial studying whether the treatment can slow progression of the ...
Alzheimer's disease & dementia Feb 01, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
Researchers at Johns Hopkins Medicine in November surgically implanted a pacemaker-like device into the brain of a patient in the early stages of Alzheimer's disease, the first such operation in the United States. The device, ...
Neuroscience Dec 05, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
Brain-computer interfaces are at the cutting edge for treatment of neurological and psychological disorder, including Parkinson's, epilepsy, and depression. Among the most promising advance is deep brain stimulation ...
Neuroscience Jul 31, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
Deep brain stimulation
In neurotechnology, deep brain stimulation (DBS) is a surgical treatment involving the implantation of a medical device called a brain pacemaker, which sends electrical impulses to specific parts of the brain. DBS in select brain regions has provided remarkable therapeutic benefits for otherwise treatment-resistant movement and affective disorders such as chronic pain, Parkinson’s disease, tremor and dystonia. Despite the long history of DBS, its underlying principles and mechanisms are still not clear. DBS directly changes brain activity in a controlled manner, its effects are reversible (unlike those of lesioning techniques) and is one of only a few neurosurgical methods that allows blinded studies.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved DBS as a treatment for essential tremor in 1997, for Parkinson's disease in 2002, and dystonia in 2003. DBS is also routinely used to treat chronic pain and has been used to treat various affective disorders, including major depression. While DBS has proven helpful for some patients, there is potential for serious complications and side effects.
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