News tagged with electrical signal

Study reveals novel role for the Pin1 molecule

Synapses are "dynamic" things: they can regulate their action in neural processes related to learning, for example, but also as a consequence of diseases. A research team – led by SISSA – has demonstrated ...

Oct 10, 2014
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New prosthetic arm controlled by neural messages

Controlling a prosthetic arm by just imagining a motion may be possible through the work of Mexican scientists at the Centre for Research and Advanced Studies (CINVESTAV), who work in the development of an ...

Aug 06, 2014
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Silencers refine sound localization

A new study by LMU researchers shows that sound localization involves a complex interplay between excitatory and inhibitory signals. Pinpointing of sound sources in space would be impossible without the tuning ...

May 20, 2014
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The heart's metronome

A specific cell population is responsible for ensuring that our heartbeat remains regular. Researchers from Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet (LMU) in Munich have now elucidated the mode of action of one of ...

Nov 12, 2013
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Signal (electronics)

In the fields of communications, signal processing, and in electrical engineering more generally, a signal is any time-varying or spatial-varying quantity.

In the physical world, any quantity measurable through time or over space can be taken as a signal. Within a complex society, any set of human information or machine data can also be taken as a signal. Such information or machine data (for example, the dots on a screen, the ink making up text on a paper page, or the words now flowing into the reader's mind) must all be part of systems existing in the physical world – either living or non-living.

Despite the complexity of such systems, their outputs and inputs can often be represented as simple quantities measurable through time or across space. In the latter half of the 20th century, electrical engineering itself separated into several disciplines, specializing in the design and analysis of physical signals and systems, on the one hand, and in the functional behavior and conceptual structure of the complex human and machine systems, on the other. These engineering disciplines have led the way in the design, study, and implementation of systems that take advantage of signals as simple measurable quantities in order to facilitate the transmission, storage, and manipulation of information.

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