News tagged with fat cells

Related topics: insulin resistance , type 2 diabetes , cell metabolism , fat , stem cells

20 years of leptin – the obesity related hormone

2014 marks the 20th anniversary of the discovery of leptin – the hormone that tells our brains when we've eaten enough and the first reported genetic basis for obesity. The discovery will be celebrated ...

Sep 25, 2014
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Single enzyme is necessary for development of diabetes

An enzyme called 12-LO promotes the obesity-induced oxidative stress in the pancreatic cells that leads to pre-diabetes, and diabetes. 12-LO's enzymatic action is the last step in the production of certain small molecules ...

Aug 14, 2014
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A new player in lipid metabolism discovered

(Medical Xpress)—Specially engineered mice that lacked a particular gene did not gain weight when fed a typical high-fat, obesity-inducing Western diet. Yet, these mice ate the same amount as their normal ...

Aug 05, 2014
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Healing the heart with fat

Too much dietary fat is bad for the heart, but the right kind of fat keeps the heart healthy, according to a paper published in The Journal of Experimental Medicine.

Jul 21, 2014
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Discarded surgery fat treats heart attacks

Stem cells from fat to be discarded during cardiac surgery can improve heart function, according to research that will be presented at Frontiers in CardioVascular Biology (FCVB) 2014 in Barcelona, Spain. The meeting is organised ...

Jul 04, 2014
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Adipose tissue

In histology, adipose tissue or body fat or just fat is loose connective tissue composed of adipocytes. Adipose tissue is derived from lipoblasts. Its main role is to store energy in the form of fat, although it also cushions and insulates the body. Obesity or being overweight in humans and most animals does not depend on body weight but on the amount of body fat—specifically, adipose tissue. Two types of adipose tissue exist: white adipose tissue (WAT) and brown adipose tissue (BAT). Adipose tissue also serves as an important endocrine organ by producing hormones such as leptin, resistin and the cytokine TNFα. The formation of adipose tissue appears to be controlled by the adipose gene. Adipose tissue was first identified by the Swiss naturalist Conrad Gessner in 1551.\

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