News tagged with genetic diseases

Related topics: genes , genome

Seven genes for X-linked intellectual disability

X-linked intellectual disability is a disorder that predominantly affects men and can have highly variable clinical manifestations. Scientists at the Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics in Berlin ...

Feb 13, 2015
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Crowdfunding helps solve rare disease mystery

Rare diseases—those that affect fewer than one in 200,000 people—are often identified early in life. Some 30 percent of children afflicted by these "orphan diseases" do not live to see their fifth birthday. ...

Feb 10, 2015
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Supercomputing reveals the genetic code of cancer

Cancer researchers must use one of the world's fastest computers to detect which versions of genes are only found in cancer cells. Every form of cancer, even every tumour, has its own distinct variants.

Feb 02, 2015
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Genetic disorder

A genetic disorder is an illness caused by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes. While some diseases, such as cancer, are due in part to a genetic disorders, they can also be caused by environmental factors. Most disorders are quite rare and affect one person in every several thousands or millions. Some types of recessive gene disorders confer an advantage in the heterozygous state in certain environments. A haploid cell has only one set of chromosomes. A diploid cell has two sets of chromosomes. In human, the somatic cells are diploid, and the gametes are haploid.

Genetic diseases are typically diagnosed and treated by geneticists. Genetic counselors assist the physicians and directly counsel patients.[citation needed]

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