News tagged with hormone

Related topics: breast cancer · women · plants · estrogen · protein

DHEA improves vaginal discomfort after menopause

A new phase III trial with positive results is taking intravaginal DHEA a step closer to governmental approval. The formulation could provide women who cannot or do not wish to use intravaginal estrogen with an effective ...

Jan 05, 2016
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Are flame retardant chemicals fueling thyroid cancer?

Surgeon Julie Ann Sosa, MD, professor of advanced oncologic and GI surgery, is an international authority on thyroid cancer, and right about now her expertise is in great demand. Thyroid cancer is the fastest-increasing cancer ...

Dec 14, 2015
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Hormone

Hormones (from Greek ὁρμή - "impetus") are chemicals released by cells that affect cells in other parts of the body. Only a small amount of hormone is required to alter cell metabolism. It is essentially a chemical messenger that transports a signal from one cell to another. All multicellular organisms produce hormones; plant hormones are also called phytohormones. Hormones in animals are often transported in the blood. Cells respond to a hormone when they express a specific receptor for that hormone. The hormone binds to the receptor protein, resulting in the activation of a signal transduction mechanism that ultimately leads to cell type-specific responses.

Endocrine hormone molecules are secreted (released) directly into the bloodstream, while exocrine hormones (or ectohormones) are secreted directly into a duct, and from the duct they either flow into the bloodstream or they flow from cell to cell by diffusion in a process known as paracrine signalling.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA

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