News tagged with human genome

Related topics: genes , genome , dna sequences , genetic mutations , genetic variation

New forms of racism arise in science research

Advances in genetic sequencing are giving rise to a new era of scientific racism, despite decades of efforts to reverse attitudes used to justify the slave trade and Nazi theology, experts said on Friday.

Feb 15, 2014
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LincRNA, once believed useless, plays role in genome

Ever since the Human Genome Project decoded the genome, the prevailing scientific view has been that only the 2 percent that makes proteins—the building blocks of cells—was important. The rest was deemed ...

Jan 23, 2014
popularity 4.6 / 5 (9) | comments 2 | with audio podcast

Human genome

The human genome is the genome of Homo sapiens, which is stored on 23 chromosome pairs. Twenty-two of these are autosomal chromosome pairs, while the remaining pair is sex-determining. The haploid human genome occupies a total of just over 3 billion DNA base pairs. The Human Genome Project (HGP) produced a reference sequence of the euchromatic human genome, which is used worldwide in biomedical sciences.

The haploid human genome contains an estimated 20,000–25,000 protein-coding genes, far fewer than had been expected before its sequencing. In fact, only about 1.5% of the genome codes for proteins, while the rest consists of RNA genes, regulatory sequences, introns and (controversially) "junk" DNA.

This text uses material from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA