News tagged with law
A groundbreaking new study shows that laws legalizing medical marijuana have resulted in a nearly nine percent drop in traffic deaths and a five percent reduction in beer sales.
Health Nov 29, 2011 | 4.9 / 5 (38) | 13 |
(Medical Xpress) -- When someone is acting suspiciously at an airport, subway station or other public space, how can law enforcement officers determine whether he's up to no good?
Psychology & Psychiatry May 10, 2011 | 4.3 / 5 (14) | 4 |
(Medical Xpress) -- That the brain is evolution at its finest is perhaps best demonstrated by the beauty, complexity and diversity of dendrites – tree-like structures that form neural circuits by connecting ...
Neuroscience Jun 28, 2012 | 4.9 / 5 (10) | 7 |
With a little practice, one could learn to tell a lie that may be indistinguishable from the truth.
Psychology & Psychiatry Dec 06, 2012 | 3.6 / 5 (11) | 10 |
(Medical Xpress)—On April 15, the Supreme Court will hear oral argument in Association for Molecular Pathology v. Myriad Genetics, a case that could answer the question, "Under what conditions, if any, ...
Genetics Apr 11, 2013 | 4.3 / 5 (6) | 16 |
The early history of genetics has to be re-written in the light of new findings. Scientists from the University Jena (Germany) in co-operation with colleagues from Prague found out that the traditional history ...
Genetics May 03, 2011 | 4 / 5 (5) | 2
Supply of cheap, copycat drugs for the developing world could be badly threatened if Swiss firm Novartis wins a challenge to India's patent law, medical charity MSF said on Monday.
Medications Sep 05, 2011 | 5 / 5 (4) | 1
Indian generics giant Cipla says it has scored a "landmark" court win in a patent challenge launched by Switzerland's Roche Holding over the Mumbai firm's version of a lung-cancer drug.
Medications Sep 08, 2012 | 5 / 5 (4) | 2
(HealthDay)—States with the strongest gun laws have fewer gun-related suicides and murders, a new study suggests.
Health Mar 06, 2013 | 3 / 5 (6) | 28
(HealthDay)—States with a Stand-Your-Ground (SYG) law have significantly more pediatric assault injuries due to firearms, according to research presented at the annual meeting of the Eastern Association ...
Health Jan 18, 2013 | 3.4 / 5 (5) | 8
The next time you are in Pisa, try looking at its tower from a different perspective. Newton's laws of motion predict that an object will fall when its centre-of-mass lies beyond its base of support. But how does your brain ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Apr 27, 2011 | 5 / 5 (3) | 3 |
A report commissioned by the Royal Society of Canada, and published today in the journal Bioethics, claims that assisted suicide should be legally permitted for competent individuals who make a free and informed decision, while ...
Other Nov 15, 2011 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0
(Medical Xpress) -- Enforcing copyright law could potentially interfere with patient care, stifle innovation and discourage research, but using open source licensing instead can prevent the problem, according to a physician ...
Other Dec 29, 2011 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
(AP) -- A possible misunderstanding about President Barack Obama's health care overhaul could cloud Supreme Court deliberations on its fate, leaving the impression that the law's insurance requirement is ...
Health Apr 11, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0
With Chief Justice John Roberts' decisive swing vote to uphold "Obamacare," the conservative-majority US Supreme Court has seen its reputation as an independent final arbiter restored, experts say.
Health Jul 01, 2012 | 2.3 / 5 (6) | 4
Law is a system of rules, usually enforced through a set of institutions. It shapes politics, economics and society in numerous ways and serves as a primary social mediator in relations between people. Contract law regulates everything from buying a bus ticket to trading on derivatives markets. Property law defines rights and obligations related to the transfer and title of personal and real property. Trust law applies to assets held for investment and financial security, while tort law allows claims for compensation if a person's rights or property are harmed. If the harm is criminalised in penal code, criminal law offers means by which the state can prosecute the perpetrator. Constitutional law provides a framework for the creation of law, the protection of human rights and the election of political representatives. Administrative law is used to review the decisions of government agencies, while international law governs affairs between sovereign nation states in activities ranging from trade to environmental regulation or military action. Writing in 350 BC, the Greek philosopher Aristotle declared, "The rule of law is better than the rule of any individual."
Legal systems elaborate rights and responsibilities in a variety of ways. A general distinction can be made between civil law jurisdictions, which codify their laws, and common law systems, where judge made law is not consolidated. In some countries, religion still informs the law. Law provides a rich source of scholarly inquiry, such as legal history and philosophy, or social scientific perspectives such as economic analysis of law or the sociology of law. The study of law raises important and complex issues concerning equality, fairness, liberty and justice. "In its majestic equality", said the author Anatole France in 1894, "the law forbids rich and poor alike to sleep under bridges, beg in the streets and steal loaves of bread." In a typical democracy, the central institutions for interpreting and creating law are the three main branches of government, namely an impartial judiciary, a democratic legislature, and an accountable executive. To implement and enforce the law and provide services to the public, a government's bureaucracy, the military and police are vital. While all these organs of the state are creatures created and bound by law, an independent legal profession and a vibrant civil society inform and support their progress.
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