News tagged with legislation

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New Zealand bans synthetic drugs

New Zealand on Thursday banned synthetic drugs after Prime Minister John Key conceded an attempt to regulate the market in so-called "legal highs" had failed.

May 08, 2014
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House, Senate leaders agree on Medicare fees

House Speaker John Boehner says he and top Senate Democrat Harry Reid have reached an agreement on legislation to forestall a looming 24 percent cut in Medicare payments to doctors.

Mar 26, 2014
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EU lawmakers back tougher anti-smoking rules

(AP)—The European Parliament on Wednesday voted for tougher anti-smoking rules that will make health warnings on cigarette packs larger and include mandatory pictures of rotting teeth or cancer-infested lungs.

Feb 26, 2014
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NFL backs push for youth concussion protocols

The National Football League is joining two New Jersey lawmakers in pushing for federal legislation aimed at protecting student athletes from the dangers of concussions.

Jan 27, 2014
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Study examines drug labeling and exposure in infants

Federal legislation encouraging the study of drugs in pediatric patients has resulted in very few labeling changes that include new infant information, according to a study by Matthew M. Laughon, M.D., M.P.H., of the University ...

Dec 09, 2013
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E-cigarette makers go to war over EU proposals

Makers and users of electronic cigarettes Tuesday went to war against EU plans to class the devices as medicinal products, saying any such move would end up harming public health.

Sep 03, 2013
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Legislation

Legislation (or "statutory law") is law which has been promulgated (or "enacted") by a legislature or other governing body, or the process of making it. (Another source of law is judge-made law or case law.) Before an item of legislation becomes law it may be known as a bill, and may be broadly referred to as "legislation" while it remains under consideration to distinguish it from other business. Legislation can have many purposes: to regulate, to authorize, to proscribe, to provide (funds), to sanction, to grant, to declare or to restrict.

Under the Westminster system, an item of primary legislation is known as an Act of Parliament after enactment.

Legislation is usually proposed by a member of the legislature (e.g. a member of Congress or Parliament), or by the executive, whereupon it is debated by members of the legislature and is often amended before passage. Most large legislatures enact only a small fraction of the bills proposed in a given session. Whether a given bill will be proposed and enter into force is generally a matter of the legislative priorities of government.

Legislation is regarded as one of the three main functions of government, which are often distinguished under the doctrine of the separation of powers. Those who have the formal power to create legislation are known as legislators; a judicial branch of government will have the formal power to interpret legislation (see statutory interpretation); the executive branch of government can act only within the powers and limits set by the law.

This text uses material from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA