News tagged with nucleotide

Three new genetic links to breast cancer identified

(Medical Xpress) -- An international team of researchers has identified three new genetic loci associated with an increased susceptibility to breast cancer. As described in their paper published in Nature Ge ...

Jan 23, 2012
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Researchers extend human epigenomic map

Ten years ago, scientists announced the end of the Human Genome Project, the international attempt to learn which combination of four nucleotides—adenine, thymine, cytosine, and guanine—is unique to homo sapien DNA. This ...

Aug 08, 2013
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Discovery could reduce chemotherapy's side effects

A team of researchers at Duke University has determined the structure of a key molecule that can carry chemotherapy and anti-viral drugs into cells, which could help to create more effective drugs with fewer effects to healthy ...

Mar 11, 2012
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Nucleotide

Nucleotides are molecules that, when joined together, make up the structural units of RNA and DNA. Additionally, nucleotides play central roles in metabolism. In that capacity, they serve as sources of chemical energy (adenosine triphosphate and guanosine triphosphate), participate in cellular signaling (cyclic guanosine monophosphate and cyclic adenosine monophosphate), and are incorporated into important cofactors of enzymatic reactions (coenzyme A, flavin adenine dinucleotide, flavin mononucleotide, and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate).

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