News tagged with speech
African-Americans know the signs of stroke, but concerns about medical cost, ambulance response time and unfamiliarity with the need for prompt hospital care impacted whether they called 9-1-1 immediately.
Cardiology May 14, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Non-musicians who speak tonal languages may have a better ear for learning musical notes, according to Canadian researchers.
Psychology & Psychiatry Apr 02, 2013 | 5 / 5 (4) | 2 |
(AP)—A judge dismissed charges against the former leader of a U.S. right-to-die group accused in the death of a Minnesota woman, ruling that the state law against advising suicide is unconstitutionally overbroad.
Psychology & Psychiatry Mar 23, 2013 | not rated yet | 1
(Medical Xpress)—In one of the earliest experiments using a humanoid robot to deliver speech and physical therapy to a stroke patient, researchers at the University of Massachusetts Amherst saw notable ...
Medical research Mar 21, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
New research is aiming to produce hearing aids which can distinguish better between speech and background noise and benefit the lives of the six million people in the UK with hearing impairments.
Medical research Mar 07, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
New findings published in Pediatrics (Epub ahead of print) by the Kennedy Krieger Institute's Center for Autism and Related Disorders reveal that 70 percent of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD) who have a hist ...
Autism spectrum disorders Mar 04, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
As a bird sings, some neurons in its brain prepare to make the next sounds while others are synchronized with the current notes—a coordination of physical actions and brain activity that is needed to produce ...
Neuroscience Feb 27, 2013 | not rated yet | 2 |
What goes on inside our heads is similar to an orchestra. For Peter Hagoort, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, this image is a very apt one for explaining how speech arises in the ...
Neuroscience Feb 26, 2013 | not rated yet | 1
Researchers from the University of Alberta are helping children with Down syndrome who stutter find their voice and speak with ease.
Psychology & Psychiatry Feb 25, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Secrets of human speech uncovered: Study shows brain exerts symphony-like control of vocal tract during act of speaking
A team of researchers at UC San Francisco has uncovered the neurological basis of speech motor control, the complex coordinated activity of tiny brain regions that controls our lips, jaw, tongue and larynx as we speak.
Neuroscience Feb 20, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
Children with brain lesions suffered before or around the time of birth are able to use gestures – an important aspect of the language learning process– to convey simple sentences, a Georgia State University researcher ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Feb 20, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Several Kansas State University faculty members are helping children with auditory processing disorder receive better treatment.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Feb 20, 2013 | 3 / 5 (1) | 0
Aphasia, an impairment in speaking and understanding language after a stroke, is frustrating both for victims and their loved ones. In two talks Saturday, Feb. 16, 2013, at the conference of the American ...
Neuroscience Feb 16, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(Medical Xpress)—Stroke victims affected with loss of speech caused by Broca's aphasia have been shown to speak fluidly through the use of a process called "speech entrainment" developed by researchers ...
Neuroscience Jan 16, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
Research on multisensory speech perception in recent years has helped revolutionize our understanding of how the brain organizes the information it receives from our many different senses, UC Riverside psychology professor ...
Neuroscience Dec 20, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
Speech is the vocalization form of human communication. It is based upon the syntactic combination of lexicals and names that are drawn from very large (usually >10,000 different words) vocabularies. Each spoken word is created out of the phonetic combination of a limited set of vowel and consonant speech sound units. These vocabularies, the syntax which structures them, and their set of speech sound units, differ creating the existence of many thousands of different types of mutually unintelligible human languages. Human speakers are often polyglot able to communicate in two or more of them. The vocal abilities that enable humans to produce speech also provide humans with the ability to sing.
A gestural form of human communication exists for the deaf in the form of sign language. Speech in some cultures has become the basis of a written language, often one that differs in its vocabulary, syntax and phonetics from its associated spoken one, a situation called diglossia. Speech in addition to its use in communication, it is suggested by some psychologists such as Vygotsky is internally used by mental processes to enhance and organize cognition in the form of an interior monologue.
Speech is researched in terms of the speech production and speech perception of the sounds used in spoken language. Several academic disciplines study these including acoustics, psychology, speech pathology, linguistics, cognitive science, communication studies, otolaryngology and computer science. Another area of research is how the human brain in its different areas such as the Broca's area and Wernicke's area underlies speech.
It is controversial how far human speech is unique in that other animals also communicate with vocalizations. While none in the wild uses syntax nor compatibly large vocabularies, research upon the nonverbal abilities of language trained apes such as Washoe and Kanzi raises the possibility that they might have these capabilities.
The origins of speech are unknown and subject to much debate and speculation.
For more information about Speech, read the full article at
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.