News tagged with wine

Fresh faced: Looking younger for longer

Newcastle University researchers have identified an antioxidant Tiron, which offers total protection against some types of sun damage and may ultimately help our skin stay looking younger for longer.

Jan 10, 2014
popularity 4.6 / 5 (16) | comments 3 | with audio podcast

Avoiding that new year's hangover

(HealthDay)—Hangover headaches are a common problem over the holidays, but there are ways to prevent them, an expert says.

Dec 31, 2013
popularity 2.3 / 5 (3) | comments 0

3D imaging captures changes in port wine stains

(HealthDay)—Three-dimensional (3D) high precision surface imaging can be used to monitor changes in the area and volume of port wine stains following laser treatment, according to a study published online ...

Nov 21, 2013
popularity 5 / 5 (1) | comments 0

Team designing new drug for common heart condition

An international research team led by medical scientists at the University of Alberta has shown that new medications based on resveratrol—a compound found in red wine and nuts—may be used to treat a common heart-rhythm ...

Oct 07, 2013
popularity 4 / 5 (1) | comments 0

Churches loosening up toward alcohol

Research by Dr Geoff Troughton, a Senior Lecturer in Religious Studies at Victoria University of Wellington, shows that anti-alcohol campaigning by the Presbyterian Church has declined radically, with churchgoers, and consequently ...

Sep 10, 2013
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Slowing the ageing process—it's in your genes

Imagine being able to take a drug that can reduce the rate at which you age. Research by Massey University senior lecturer in genetics Dr Austen Ganley is making this dream one step closer to reality.

Sep 05, 2013
popularity 4.5 / 5 (19) | comments 3 | with audio podcast

A wine a day associated with lower risk of depression

Drinking wine in moderation may be associated with a lower risk of developing depression, according to research published in Biomed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine. The reported findings by the ...

Aug 30, 2013
popularity 3.8 / 5 (4) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

Siberian herb could extend life, scientists say

A stubby little plant from the icy permafrost of Siberia just might help you feel better and live longer, University of California-Irvine researchers say. They found fruit flies fed extracts of Rhodiola rosea, or "golden ...

Jul 02, 2013
popularity 3.4 / 5 (5) | comments 0

Wine

Wine is an alcoholic beverage typically made of fermented grape juice. The natural chemical balance of grapes is such that they can ferment without the addition of sugars, acids, enzymes or other nutrients. Wine is produced by fermenting crushed grapes using various types of yeast. Yeast consumes the sugars found in the grapes and converts them into alcohol. Different varieties of grapes and strains of yeasts are used depending on the type of wine being produced.

Although other fruits such as apples and berries can also be fermented, the resultant wines are normally named after the fruit from which they are produced (for example, apple wine or elderberry wine) and are generically known as fruit wine or country wine (not to be confused with the French term vin de pays). Others, such as barley wine and rice wine (i.e., sake), are made from starch-based materials and resemble beer and spirit more than wine, while ginger wine is fortified with brandy. In these cases, the use of the term "wine" is a reference to the higher alcohol content, rather than production process. The commercial use of the English word "wine" (and its equivalent in other languages) is protected by law in many jurisdictions.

Wine has a rich history dating back to around 6000 BC and is thought to have originated in areas now within the borders of Georgia and Iran. Wine probably appeared in Europe at about 4500 BC in what is now Bulgaria and Greece, and was very common in ancient Greece, Thrace and Rome. Wine has also played an important role in religion throughout history. The Greek god Dionysos and the Roman equivalent Bacchus represented wine, and the drink is also used in Christian and Jewish ceremonies such as the Eucharist (also called the Holy Communion) and Kiddush.

The word "wine" derives from the Proto-Germanic "*winam," an early borrowing from the Latin vinum, "wine" or "(grape) vine," itself derived from the Proto-Indo-European stem *win-o- (cf. Hittite: wiyana ,Lycian: Oino, Ancient Greek οῖνος - oînos, Aeolic Greek ϝοίνος - woinos).

This text uses material from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA