Pediatrics

How the way you're born and fed affect your immune system

We used to think foetuses had no bacteria in their gastrointestinal tract (the gut) until they began to accumulate microbes (bacteria, viruses and other bugs) on their way through their mother's vagina.

Medications

Popular heartburn drugs may up odds of stomach bug

(HealthDay)—If you're one of the millions who rely on medications known as proton pump inhibitors for relief from heartburn, you may be at higher risk of illness from a stomach bug, new research suggests.

Pediatrics

Intervention beneficial for acute gastroenteritis patients

(HealthDay)—Implementation of a clinical pathway to improve care of acute gastroenteritis (AGE) patients is associated with a sustained reduction in intravenous (IV) fluid use and length of stay (LOS) in the pediatric emergency ...

Pediatrics

Improvement needed for care of children with acute gastro

Treatment for children with acute gastroenteritis follows clinical practice guidelines 90% of the time but drops to around 50% adherence for best practice diagnosis and ongoing management of the condition.

page 1 from 9

Gastroenteritis (also known as gastric flu, stomach flu, gastro and stomach virus, although unrelated to influenza) is marked by inflammation of the gastrointestinal tract involving both the stomach and small intestine resulting in diarrhea, vomiting and abdominal cramps.

The majority of cases in children globally are caused by rotavirus, while in adults norovirus is more common, at least in the United States. Less common causes include bacteria or their toxins, and parasites. Transmission may occur due to improperly prepared foods, contaminated water or close contact with those who are infectious.

The foundation of management is adequate hydration. For mild or moderate cases this can typically be achieved via oral rehydration solution. For more severe cases intravenous fluids may be needed. Gastroenteritis primarily affects children and those in the developing world.

This text uses material from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA