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Health informatics news

Oncology & Cancer

Artificial intelligence tool for reading MRI scans could transform prostate cancer surgery and treatment

Researchers at the Center for Computational Imaging and Personalized Diagnostics (CCIPD) at Case Western Reserve University have preliminarily validated an artificial intelligence (AI) tool to predict how likely the disease ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Experts consider the role of systemic racism in exacerbating COVID-19 health inequalities

Researchers from leading UK and US institutions have published an analysis outlining the disproportionate effect of COVID-19 on ethnic minority groups, and the role of racism, in particular systemic racism, as a fundamental ...

Oncology & Cancer

Big data analysis finds cancer's key vulnerabilities

Thousands of different genetic mutations have been implicated in cancer, but a new analysis of almost 10,000 patients found that regardless of the cancer's origin, tumors could be stratified in only 112 subtypes and that, ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Early warning system fills in gaps in infectious disease surveillance

Researchers at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health developed an infectious disease early warning system that includes areas lacking health clinics participating in infectious disease surveillance. The approach ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Perception of not returning to full health common after COVID-19

More than 60 percent of patients with COVID-19 feel that they have not returned to full health at a median 75 days after diagnosis, according to a study published online Jan. 8 in the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Psychology & Psychiatry

Scientists identify workflow algorithm to predict psychosis

Scientists from the Max Planck Institute of Psychiatry, led by Nikolaos Koutsouleris, combined psychiatric assessments with machine-learning models that analyze clinical and biological data. Although psychiatrists make very ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

COVID-19 likely lingered longer than reported in Wuhan: study

Wuhan City in China was the first place to report COVID-19 in the world and—between December 2019 and May 2020—caused nearly two-thirds of all COVID-19 cases in China. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Cutting COVID-19 infectious period could prevent millions of cases

A new computational analysis suggests that a vaccine or medication that could shorten the infectious period of COVID-19 may potentially prevent millions of cases and save billions of dollars. The study was led by Bruce Lee ...

Oncology & Cancer

Researchers create comprehensive database of head and neck cancers

In what is believed to be the most comprehensive molecular characterization to date of the most common type of head and neck cancer, researchers from the Johns Hopkins departments of pathology and oncology, the Johns Hopkins ...

Diabetes

AI algorithms detect diabetic eye disease inconsistently

Diabetes continues to be the leading cause of new cases of blindness among adults in the United States. But the current shortage of eye-care providers would make it impossible to keep up with demand to provide the requisite ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

AI helps to identify new COVID-19 hotspots in Gauteng

Accurate modeling is one of the tools being used to fight the COVID-19 pandemic globally. It is essential for policy makers, experts and the population to get access to reliable information on the evolution and severity of ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

California lockdown suppressed excess pandemic deaths

Nearly 20,000 more Californians died in the first six months of the pandemic than would have been expected to die in a normal year, with a disproportionate number of those deaths occurring among older adults, Black or Latino ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Traditional model for disease spread may not work in COVID-19

A mathematical model that can help project the contagiousness and spread of infectious diseases like the seasonal flu may not be the best way to predict the continuing spread of the novel coronavirus, especially during lockdowns ...

Vaccination

Software tool improves your doctor's vaccination advice

Behind the scenes at your doctor's office, there's a complicated set of information that your providers have to absorb before telling you which vaccinations to get and when. A software tool created at the National Institute ...

Neuroscience

Machine intelligence accelerates research into mapping brains

Scientists in Japan's brain science project have used machine intelligence to improve the accuracy and reliability of a powerful brain-mapping technique, a new study reports. Their development, published on December 18 in ...

Vaccination

How can the world allocate COVID-19 vaccines fairly?

SARS-CoV-2 emerged with a bang, appearing out of nowhere and spreading with lightning speed. It affects the body in ways similar to other respiratory illnesses, yet also differently. It forced countries to take drastic actions—mask-wearing, ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Could existing drugs be used against COVID-19?

Several drugs already approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) could potentially be used to alleviate the symptoms of COVID-19, biomedical researchers at Université de Montréal have found.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Researchers use artificial intelligence to ID mosquitos

Rapid and accurate identification of mosquitoes that transmit human pathogens such as malaria is an essential part of mosquito-borne disease surveillance. Now, researchers reporting in PLOS Neglected Tropical Diseases have ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Modeling tool helps organizations build tailored COVID-19 testing

Warehouses, manufacturing floors, offices, schools—organizations of all kinds have had to change their operations to adapt to life in a pandemic. By now, there is confidence in some ways to help mitigate COVID-19 spread: ...

Psychology & Psychiatry

Virtual therapy: The 'new normal' after COVID-19

Once the COVID-19 pandemic is over, a lot of things will go back to normal. We'll stop wearing masks. We'll crowd into restaurants. We'll walk whatever direction we want to down grocery store aisles. But some changes that ...

Oncology & Cancer

New algorithm will prevent misidentification of cancer cells

Researchers from the University of Kent have developed a computer algorithm that can identify differences in cancer cell lines based on microscopic images, a unique development towards ending misidentification of cells in ...

Oncology & Cancer

Patient race linked to poorer survival in acute myeloid leukemia

Self-reported patient race is the most important factor associated with poorer survival in patients with acute myeloid leukemia (AML), according to a study presented at the annual meeting of the American Society of Hematology, ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Study offers new approach for more accurate epidemic modeling

A new class of epidemiological models based on alternative thinking about how contagions propagate, particularly in the early phases of a pandemic, provide a blueprint for more accurate epidemic modeling and improved disease ...