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Health informatics news

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

CDC characterizes national incidence of fungal infections

Coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, and blastomycosis cause substantial illness, with about 20,000 cases of coccidioidomycosis reported in 2019, according to research published in the Aug. 19 issue of the U.S. Centers for ...

Health informatics

No one-size-fits-all AI approach works for prevention, diagnosis or treatment using precision medicine

A Rutgers analysis of dozens of artificial intelligence (AI) software programs used in precision, or personalized, medicine to prevent, diagnose and treat disease found that no program exists that can be used for all treatments.

Vaccination

Attitudes toward mandatory COVID-19 vaccination in Germany

It has become obvious that sufficiently high immunity to COVID-19 cannot be achieved in Germany through voluntary vaccination alone. On this background, Thomas Rieger and Carsten Schröder from the German Institute for Economic ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Modeling how MRSA bacteria spread on the body can enhance treatments

MRSA is an antibiotic-resistant staph infection that can be deadly for those in hospital care or with weakened immune systems. Staphylococcus aureus bacteria live in the nose without necessarily producing any symptoms but ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Oil spill cleanup workers more likely to have asthma symptoms

Researchers from the Gulf Long-term Follow-up Study (GuLF STUDY) found that workers involved in cleaning up the nation's largest oil spill were 60% more likely than those who did not work on the cleanup to be diagnosed with ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Gout more prevalent among Black versus white US adults

Gout is more prevalent in adults self-reporting Black versus White race, but these differences are attenuated after full adjustment for all risk factors, according to a study published online Aug. 15 in JAMA Network Open.

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Scientists identify how SARS-CoV-2 spreads in the Middle East

Understanding the global transmission of SARS-CoV-2 is critical for rapidly containing and handling the virus, especially as new variants and mutations of concern emerge. Certain regions in the world, including the Middle ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Delays in contact tracing impeded early COVID-19 containment

Contact tracing programs were deployed around the globe to slow the spread of COVID-19, but these programs could not prevent the multiple waves of transmission and loss of life that have occurred since March 2020. In a new ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Graph-based model predicts pandemic waves

Researchers from Skoltech, the University of Arizona and Linköping University in Sweden have created a graphical model that describes the patterns of infection outbreaks spreading between different localities. The model ...

Health informatics

Better communicating the health effects of climate change

Health professionals could better communicate the health effects of climate change by using information that promotes action rather than confusion, according to a recent article by a University of Oregon researcher.

Medications

Daily multivitamin may be an unnecessary habit

Are you among the one in three Americans who gulps down a multivitamin every morning, probably with a sip of water? The truth about this popular habit may be hard to swallow.

Neuroscience

Nitric oxide signaling in health and disease

In a recently published review article in Cell, researchers Jon Lundberg and Eddie Weitzberg at the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology at Karolinska Institutet summarize research in nitric oxide (NO) with a focus on ...

Oncology & Cancer

Brain tumor study highlights differences among Hispanics

Although typically classified as a single ethnic group, people of Hispanic heritage have markedly different risks for brain tumors based on their geographic origins, suggesting greater diversity that warrants attention in ...

Medical economics

Who is at fault when medical software gets it wrong?

Doctors are being increasingly encouraged to rely on digital technology to guide care, but who carries the blame if doctors rely on software that makes mistakes, leading to patient harm?

Health

New tool measures moral distress in pandemic nursing care

The COVID‐19 pandemic created novel patient care circumstances that may have increased nurses' moral distress, including COVID‐19 transmission risk and end‐of‐life care without family present. Moral distress is a ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Early warning system can identify sepsis patients

An early warning system has the potential to identify sepsis patients early and improve patient outcomes, according to a study published online July 21 in Nature Medicine.

Medical research

Designing a tool for better diagnosis of rare and genetic diseases

Scientists have identified over 10,000 rare diseases with the majority of these diseases being genetic in origin. The vast majority of patients with these diseases experience long and grueling diagnostic odysseys and their ...

Health

Artificial intelligence edges closer to the clinic

The beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic presented a huge challenge to healthcare workers. Doctors struggled to predict how different patients would fare under treatment against the novel SARS-CoV-2 virus. Deciding how to triage ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Ensuring the fairness of algorithms that predict patient disease risk

"To treat or not to treat?" is the question continually faced by clinicians. To help with their decision making, some turn to disease risk prediction models. These models forecast which patients are more or less likely to ...

Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes

Life expectancy drops for Native Americans due to COVID-19

Native Americans have experienced disproportionately high rates of deaths from COVID-19 due to poverty, crowded housing, high rates of chronic disease, employment in frontline jobs, and limited access to quality health care.