Commuting - bad for your health?

October 31, 2011, BioMed Central

A mobile workforce can help improve a country's economy but the effects of commuting on the health of commuters and on the costs to industry in terms of sick days is largely unknown. From a commuter's point of view, the advantages of daily travel, such as a better paid job or better housing conditions, need to be weighed against adverse health effects. New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Public Health shows that commuting by car or public transport, compared to walking or cycling, is associated with negative effects on health.

Researchers from Lund University looked at 21,000 people, aged between 18 and 65, who worked more than 30 hours a week and commuted either by car, train or bus, or were active commuters, who travelled by walking or cycling. 'One way' journey time was compared to the volunteer's perceived general health, including sleep quality, exhaustion and everyday stress.

Erik Hansson from the Faculty of Medicine at Lund University explained, "Generally car and public transport users suffered more everyday stress, poorer sleep quality, exhaustion and, on a seven point scale, felt that they struggled with their health compared to the active commuters. The negative health of public transport users increased with journey time. However, the who commuted 30 – 60 minutes experienced worse health than those whose journey lasted more than one hour. "

Erik continued "One explanation for the discrepancy between car and public transport users might be that long-distance car commuting, within our geographical region, could provide more of an opportunity for relaxation. However, it could be that these drivers tended to be men, and high-income earners, who travelled in from rural areas, a group that generally consider themselves to be in good health. More research needs to be done to identify how exactly commuting is related to the ill health we observed in order to readdress the balance between economic needs, health, and the costs of working days lost."

Explore further: Physical activity by stealth NOT health

More information: Detection Relationship between commuting and health outcomes in a cross-sectional population survey in southern Sweden Erik Hansson, Kristoffer Mattisson, Jonas Bjork, Per-Olof Ostergren and Kristina Jakobsson, BMC Public Health (in press)

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3 comments

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Squirrel
not rated yet Oct 31, 2011
Correlation is not cause. People make a choice between the different tradeoffs of having more income or greater stress of having a job that requires commuting or not. Those that decide the commute tradeoff option simply might be less sensitive to their health/well being. If so it is not commuting that is causing their poor sleep quality, exhaustion and everyday stress but the preparedness of people that decide to commute to trade these off against better income/home location.
Vendicar_Decarian
1 / 5 (1) Oct 31, 2011
Capitalists need just a just in time workforce in order to maximize profits. Commuting is an essential part of that if ther e aren't to be work camps.

The health costs of commuting are not relevant since corporations generally don't pay for the health care of their workers, and because other capitalists profit by selling health care to those workers.

This is the modern, refined version of the company town model.
Nerdyguy
not rated yet Oct 31, 2011
Capitalists need just a just in time workforce in order to maximize profits. Commuting is an essential part of that if ther e aren't to be work camps.

The health costs of commuting are not relevant since corporations generally don't pay for the health care of their workers, and because other capitalists profit by selling health care to those workers.

This is the modern, refined version of the company town model.


Much to my surprise, I agreed with the majority of your statements.

Please clarify, though, your statement that corporations "don't pay" for the health car of their workers. To my knowledge, the opposite is true. And, bills like the Obama administration's health plans would serve only to increase the already existing burden on the employer.

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