PUFA formula supplementation doesn't up infant cognition

May 29, 2012
PUFA formula supplementation doesn't up infant cognition

(HealthDay) -- Supplementation of infant formula with long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs) is not associated with improved cognition; and infants fed with milk- or soy protein-based formula have similar cognitive development scores, which are slightly lower than those of breastfed infants, according to two studies published online May 28 in Pediatrics.

Ahmad Qawasmi, M.D., from Yale University in New Haven, Conn., and colleagues conducted a meta-analysis to investigate the efficacy of LCPUFA supplementation of infant formula on early in 12 trials involving 1,802 infants. The researchers found that LCPUFA supplementation had no significant impact on . In secondary analysis there was no significant effect of dosing or prematurity status on the efficacy of supplementation.

Aline Andres, Ph.D., from the Arkansas Children's Nutrition Center in Little Rock, and colleagues characterized the developmental status of 391 healthy infants who were breastfed, milk-based formula-fed (MF), or soy protein-based formula-fed (SF) during the first year of life. The researchers found that there were no differences between the MF and SF infants. On the Mental Developmental Index score at 6 and 12 months, scored slightly higher than formula-fed infants. Breastfed infants also had slightly higher Psychomotor Development Index and Preschool Language Scale-3 scores.

"In this unique study, we established that SF infants perform within normal limits and similarly to MF infants in the areas of mental, psychomotor, and language development," Andres and colleagues conclude. "Our results also suggest a slight potential advantage of cognitive development for breastfed infants."

One author of the Andres study is on the Science Advisory Board of the Soy Nutrition Institute.

Explore further: Researchers find enriched infant formulas benefit brain and heart

More information: Abstract - Andres
Abstract - Qawasmi
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required

Related Stories

Researchers find enriched infant formulas benefit brain and heart

September 19, 2011
University of Kansas scientists have found new evidence that infant formulas fortified with long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) are good for developing brains and hearts.

Early nutrition has a long-term metabolic impact

May 2, 2011
Nutrition during the first days or weeks of life may have long-term consequences on health, potentially via a phenomenon known as the metabolic programming effect, according to a study to be presented Monday, May 2, at the ...

Sleep disruption for breastfed babies is temporary

October 17, 2011
While breastfed babies initially awaken more during the night for feedings, their sleep patterns -- falling asleep, staying asleep and total sleep time -- stabilize in later infancy and become comparable to non-breastfed ...

Recommended for you

Breastfed babies are less likely to have eczema as teenagers, study shows

November 13, 2017
Babies whose mothers had received support to breastfeed exclusively for a sustained period from birth have a 54% lower risk of eczema at the age of 16, a new study led by researchers from King's College London, Harvard University, ...

Obesity during pregnancy may lead directly to fetal overgrowth, study suggests

November 13, 2017
Obesity during pregnancy—independent of its health consequences such as diabetes—may account for the higher risk of giving birth to an atypically large infant, according to researchers at the National Institutes of Health. ...

Working to reduce brain injury in newborns

November 10, 2017
Research-clinicians at Children's National Health System led the first study to identify a promising treatment to reduce or prevent brain injury in newborns who have suffered hypoxia-ischemia, a serious complication in which ...

Why do some kids die under dental anesthesia?

November 9, 2017
Anesthesiologists call for more research into child deaths caused by dental anesthesia in an article published online by the journal Pediatrics.

Probability calculations—even babies can master it

November 3, 2017
One important feature of the brain is its ability to make generalisations based on sparse data. By learning regularities in our environment it can manage to guide our actions. As adults, we have therefore a vague understanding ...

Early childhood adversities linked to health problems in tweens, teens

October 30, 2017
Adverse experiences in childhood—such as the death of a parent, growing up in poverty, physical or sexual abuse, or having a parent with a psychiatric illness—have been associated with physical and mental health problems ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.