Swimming pools don't help Indigenous children's hearing, contradiction of previous study

October 15, 2012
Swimming pools don’t help Indigenous children’s hearing
Swimming carnival day at Mimili Community Pool.

(Medical Xpress)—Swimming pools are not the answer to solving the horrific prevalence of middle ear disease afflicting Indigenous children in remote communities, a ground-breaking report from Flinders University reveals.

The Federally-funded study, conducted in South Australia's Aṉangu Pitjantjatjara Yankunytjatjara (APY) Lands and Yalata from 2009-2011, found chlorinated saltwater pools have no direct benefit on the ear health and hearing of school-aged Indigenous children.

The findings contradict an influential and widely-publicised 2003 Australian study which showed swimming pools in two in remote Western Australia significantly reduced some ear disease in children.

Flinders University Associate Professor in Linnett Sanchez, the study's chief investigator, said while swimming pools were "an incredibly important social and recreational asset", they had no effect in reducing  disease – a serious, long-term condition that affects alarmingly high numbers of remote Indigenous children.

"Otitis media (middle ear disease) is a disease of poverty in Indigenous children," Associate Professor Sanchez said.

"It's a serious and complex problem that in remote Indigenous children typically persists throughout childhood and is very difficult to treat so it's not surprising that a single intervention such as a swimming pool wouldn't make a difference," she said.

The Flinders study assessed the ear health of 813 different children aged between 5 and 17 years, with a total of 2100 audiological and medical assessments conducted across 11 remote Indigenous communities, both with and without pools, twice a year during the three-year research.

The "whole of population" study included every child who was at school on the day the researchers visited, and was undertaken both at the end of the swimming season and at the end of winter to gauge any .

The study did not measure other indices of health, such as skin infections, that might be improved by access to swimming pools.

"We found ear health was actually worse at the end of summer – there's no straightforward explanation for that but it has nothing to do with pools," Associate Professor Sanchez said.

"So when they conducted the WA study and saw an improvement after winter, the change was attributed to a swimming pool effect."

Aside from ascertaining any effects on ear health and hearing, Associate Professor Sanchez said the Flinders study was able to determine the influence of on school attendance.

"The communities initiated a 'no school, no pool' policy when the pools were first put in but we found no difference in school attendance rates in pool and non-pool communities, which average 74 per cent.

"School attendance issues, just like ear health, have many contributing social, cultural and health factors so again there's no single solution."

Associate Professor Sanchez said Indigenous ear health required urgent action on many fronts in Anangu communities, and more generally in remote Australia.

"Among five-year old Anangu children starting school with English as a second language, 13 per cent have hearing levels in both ears which meet standard audiological criteria for a hearing aid fitting, while 36 per cent of all school age children have a perforation in one or both eardrums.

"The awful persistence of eardrum perforations is seen right through the oldest  secondary students which means many adolescents are trying to find jobs as young adults with the significant social and health effects of hearing loss, as well as generally reduced educational attainment, contributed to by years of poor hearing."

Explore further: Drowning is leading cause of kids' accidental death: CDC

Related Stories

Drowning is leading cause of kids' accidental death: CDC

May 17, 2012
(HealthDay) -- Drowning kills more American children 1 to 4 years old than any cause except birth defects, according to a new federal report.

Recommended for you

High-fat diet in pregnancy can cause mental health problems in offspring

July 21, 2017
A high-fat diet not only creates health problems for expectant mothers, but new research in an animal model suggests it alters the development of the brain and endocrine system of their offspring and has a long-term impact ...

To combat teen smoking, health experts recommend R ratings for movies that depict tobacco use

July 21, 2017
Public health experts have an unusual suggestion for reducing teen smoking: Give just about any movie that depicts tobacco use an automatic R rating.

Why sugary drinks and protein-rich meals don't go well together

July 20, 2017
Having a sugar-sweetened drink with a high-protein meal may negatively affect energy balance, alter food preferences and cause the body to store more fat, according to a study published in the open access journal BMC Nutrition.

Opioids and obesity, not 'despair deaths,' raising mortality rates for white Americans

July 20, 2017
Drug-related deaths among middle-aged white men increased more than 25-fold between 1980 and 2014, with the bulk of that spike occurring since the mid-1990s when addictive prescription opioids became broadly available, according ...

Aging Americans enjoy longer life, better health when avoiding three risky behaviors

July 20, 2017
We've heard it before from our doctors and other health experts: Keep your weight down, don't smoke and cut back on the alcohol if you want to live longer.

Parents have critical role in preventing teen drinking

July 20, 2017
Fewer teenagers are drinking alcohol but more needs to be done to curb the drinking habits of Australian school students, based on the findings of the latest study by Adelaide researchers.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.