New tool for early detection of language disorders

July 12, 2013
Verification test of Gades by a therapist from the Language Intervention Center. Credit: Mª Luisa Martín Ruiz

The GADES tool was developed as a result of a research conducted by the group Telematic Systems for the Information and Knowledge Society of the Telecommunication School at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. This tool allows us to automate the process of detection of language disorders and can help the work of pediatricians in Primary Care for early detection of these disorders and be able to refer to the specialist (neurologist, educator, psychologist, speech therapist or rehabilitation).

Experts on pediatrics, neuropediatrics, and language disorders as well as a team of engineers are involved in Gades and have created a Knowledge Base that collects the experience of the specialists on potential language disorders in the childhood from birth to six. The team members assessed the needs of pediatricians in the early detection of these pathologies and the needs of children and their families.

This Knowledge Base was integrated by the creation of a tool that provides Primary Care Pediatrists with a low number of questions that can assess the degree of according to the age in months of the child. Gades, with the answers to these questions, executes an inference engine created from the knowledge Base and then the data obtained are assessed.

The Language Intervention Center of the University of La Salle participated in the first phase by providing 21 real cases of children with language pathologies that helped as a starting point to refine the Knowledge Base of the Gades System. The second phase will include data from other 39 cases. They are also considering the possibility to use Gades in a real environment with cases of children in a kindergarten. This phase of verification, which is currently in process, will allow researchers to analyze the results to assess the goodness of the knowledge base.

It is expected to start the controlled assess phase from real cases by the end of 2013 and after finalizing the tests with Gades. Four pediatricians from two health centers of Madrid and a from a private medical centre will participate in this assessment. The result contrast and the opinion of the involved doctors will be essential to scale the system properly.

Gades is a web application developed in Java programming language with easy access (it just requires a computer with internet connection and any existing browser). This tool is a starting point to use Knowledge Based Systems in Primary Care in Spain, a system that did not exist so far and can be useful for early detection of some disorders.

Explore further: Pediatricians should provide support for adoptive families

More information: Martin-Ruiz, M. et al. Development of a Knowledge Base for smart screening of language disorders in primary care. IEEE 12TH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON BIOINFORMATICS & BIOENGINEERING: 121-126. Pub. 2012.

Related Stories

Pediatricians should provide support for adoptive families

September 25, 2012
(HealthDay)—As more children are adopted each year, pediatricians must be knowledgeable about adoption issues and model positive language for adoptive families, according to a clinical report published online Sept. 24 in ...

Website all about child health—in Spanish

June 3, 2013
(HealthDay)—Language difficulties may prevent Hispanic parents living in the United States from learning all they can about child health. Now they have a new option: a Spanish-language website launched by a leading group ...

SimuCase avatars advance speech-language pathology training

June 18, 2013
A new commercial venture, using technology developed at Case Western Reserve University's College of Arts and Sciences and Case School of Engineering, has made available avatars—virtual patients—to train speech-language ...

Predicting children's language development

February 28, 2012
We depend on a barrage of standardized tests to assess everything from aptitude to intelligence. But do they provide an accurate forecast when it comes to something as complex as language? A study by Diane Pesco, an assistant ...

Recommended for you

Inflamed support cells appear to contribute to some kinds of autism

October 18, 2017
Modeling the interplay between neurons and astrocytes derived from children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), researchers at University of California San Diego School of Medicine, with colleagues in Brazil, say innate ...

Study suggests psychedelic drugs could reduce criminal behavior

October 18, 2017
Classic psychedelics such as psilocybin (often called magic mushrooms), LSD and mescaline (found in peyote) are associated with a decreased likelihood of antisocial criminal behavior, according to new research from investigators ...

Taking probiotics may reduce postnatal depression

October 18, 2017
Researchers from the University of Auckland and Otago have found evidence that a probiotic given in pregnancy can help prevent or treat symptoms of postnatal depression and anxiety.

Before assigning responsibility, our minds simulate alternative outcomes, study shows

October 17, 2017
How do people assign a cause to events they witness? Some philosophers have suggested that people determine responsibility for a particular outcome by imagining what would have happened if a suspected cause had not intervened.

Schizophrenia disrupts the brain's entire communication system, researchers say

October 17, 2017
Some 40 years since CT scans first revealed abnormalities in the brains of schizophrenia patients, international scientists say the disorder is a systemic disruption to the brain's entire communication system.

For older adults, volunteering could improve brain function

October 17, 2017
Older adults worried about losing their cognitive functions could consider volunteering as a potential boost, according to a University of Missouri researcher. While volunteering and its associations with physical health ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.