High abusive head trauma rates with new coding method

November 25, 2013
High abusive head trauma rates with new coding method

(HealthDay)—Use of new coding algorithms show the highest abusive head trauma (AHT) rates in children < 1 year reported to date, but no significant change in national AHT rates, according to a study published online Nov. 25 in Pediatrics.

Meghan E. Shanahan, Ph.D., M.P.H., from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and colleagues examined trends in AHT incidence in children <1 year of age between 2000 and 2009 using data from four waves of the Kids' Inpatient Database and annual discharge data and applying a new coding algorithm developed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Incidence rates were calculated at the national, regional, and state level.

The researchers found that in the four years of Kids' Inpatient Database weighted data, the CDC narrow and broad coding algorithms identified 5,437 and 6,317 cases, respectively, with average annual incidences of 33.4 and 38.8 cases per 100,000 <1 year of age, respectively. National rates did not change significantly. There were regional variations, with significant differences in trends in the Midwest and West. North Carolina state data showed wide annual variation in rates, with no significant trend.

"Caution should be used in interpreting AHT trends and attributing changes in rates as being caused by changes in policies, programs, or the economy," the authors write.

Explore further: Using serial neuroimaging studies to identify timing of abusive head trauma in infants

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Using serial neuroimaging studies to identify timing of abusive head trauma in infants

June 25, 2013
Researchers at Penn State College of Medicine and Penn State Milton S. Hershey Medical Center (Hershey, Pennsylvania) have categorized the appearance and evolution of abnormalities on neuroimages that represent abusive head ...

Abusive head trauma injuries linked to socioeconomic status, age and gender

November 5, 2013
(Medical Xpress)—A new study estimates that more than seven children under the age of five with abusive head trauma were treated each day in U.S. emergency departments between 2006 and 2009. Abusive head trauma is a serious ...

Triage system underperforms in children with chronic illness

November 5, 2013
(HealthDay)—For children presenting to the emergency department with infectious symptoms, performance of the Manchester Triage System (MTS) is lower for those with chronic illnesses, compared to those without chronic illnesses, ...

Children hospitalized at alarming rate due to abuse

February 6, 2012
In one year alone, over 4,500 children in the United States were hospitalized due to child abuse, and 300 of them died of their injuries, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in a new study. The findings are published ...

Rape, sexual assault likely underestimated by crime survey

November 22, 2013
(HealthDay)—Rape and sexual assault are likely underestimated on the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) and a new survey should be developed for more accurate estimation of incidence, according to a report published ...

Two distinct high-risk diabetes populations ID'd in children

December 19, 2012
(HealthDay)—Children with high-risk A1C (hrA1C) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) define different populations, with differentially increased risk markers, according to research published online Nov. 27 in Diabetes Care.

Recommended for you

Small drop in measles vaccinations would have outsized effect, study estimates

July 24, 2017
Small reductions in childhood measles vaccinations in the United States would produce disproportionately large increases in the number of measles cases and in related public health costs, according to a new study by researchers ...

At the cellular level, a child's loss of a father is associated with increased stress

July 18, 2017
The absence of a father—due to incarceration, death, separation or divorce—has adverse physical and behavioral consequences for a growing child. But little is known about the biological processes that underlie this link ...

New comparison chart sheds light on babies' tears

July 10, 2017
A chart that enables parents and clinicians to calculate if a baby is crying more than it should in the first three months of its life has been created by a Kingston University London researcher, following a study of colic ...

Blood of SIDS infants contains high levels of serotonin

July 3, 2017
Blood samples from infants who died of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) had high levels of serotonin, a chemical that carries signals along and between nerves, according to a study funded in part by the National Institutes ...

Is your child's 'penicillin allergy' real?

July 3, 2017
(HealthDay)—Many children suspected of being allergic to the inexpensive, first-line antibiotic penicillin actually aren't, new research indicates.

Probiotic supplements failed to prevent babies' infections

July 3, 2017
(HealthDay)—Probiotic supplements may not protect babies from catching colds or stomach bugs in day care, a new clinical trial suggests.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.