Can babies learn to read? No, NYU study finds

February 25, 2014

Can babies learn to read? While parents use DVDs and other media in an attempt to teach their infants to read, these tools don't instill reading skills in babies, a study by researchers at New York University's Steinhardt School of Culture, Education, and Human Development has found.

"While we cannot say with full assurance that at this age cannot learn printed words, our results make clear they did not learn printed words from the baby media product that was tested," says Susan Neuman, a professor in NYU Steinhardt's Department of Teaching and Learning and the study's senior author.

However, Neuman adds, there was one undeniable effect of these products—on parents. In exit interviews, there was the belief among parents that their babies were learning to read and that their children had benefited from the program in some areas of vocabulary development.

"It's clear that parents have great confidence in the impact of these products on their children," Neuman explains. "However, our study indicates this sentiment is misplaced."

In their study, which appears in the Journal of Educational Psychology, the researchers examined 117 infants, aged nine to 18 months, who were randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. Children in the treatment condition received a baby media product, which included DVDs, word and picture flashcards, and flip books to be used daily over a seven-month period; children in the control condition did not receive these materials from the researchers. Over the course of seven months, the researchers conducted a home visit, four laboratory visits, and monthly assessments of language development.

To test children's emerging skills in the laboratory, the researchers examined the capacity to recognize letter names, letter sounds, vocabulary, words identified on sight, and comprehension. A combination of eye-tracking tasks and standardized measures were used to study outcomes at each stage of development. Using a state-of-the art eye-tracking technology, which follows even the slightest eye movements, the researchers were able to closely monitor how the infants distributed their attention and how they shifted their gaze from one location to another when shown specific words and phrases.

The results, which included criterion and standardized measures of emergent and early , showed no differences between the infants exposed to baby media and the control group on 13 of the 14 assessments. The only assessment that showed a difference was parents' beliefs that their child was learning new words despite countervailing evidence from a standardized measure indicating no differences between groups.

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RobertKarlStonjek
not rated yet Feb 26, 2014
This a common trick & a common delusion.

When there is a trend for an unknown or unclear reason a third party may offer a reason for that trend. For instance crime has been falling throughout the USA but those states that have '3 strikes' rule take credit of the fall in their state, as do those states that have implemented harsher sentences & the death penalty.

Religion benefits the most from this delusion by taking credit for all the good things that happen in life and shifting the blame for any bad thing or negative outcome. This even to the point of death and regardless of how obvious the contradiction eg two die in exactly the same way, say from cancer. One, a religious leader, will be said to be taken by God because he is needed in heaven and the other will be said to be punished by God for sins committed.

This study is a minor example of this delusion. I'm not sure what the general name for this delusion is but considering its prevalence it should have one.

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