Average-risk women overestimate ovarian cancer risk

March 11, 2014
Average-risk women overestimate ovarian cancer risk

(HealthDay)—Average-risk, postmenopausal women overestimate their risk of ovarian cancer, but report low cancer worry, according to a study published in the March issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology.

Laura L. Holman, M.D., from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, and colleagues surveyed 925 average-risk, enrolled in the normal-risk ovarian screening study. The authors sought to assess the women's baseline knowledge of risk and perceptions toward ovarian cancer screening (OCS). Baseline surveys included risk perception, the Cancer Worry Scale, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI), and the Short Form-36 Health Survey, as well as surveys relating to and OCS acceptability.

The researchers found that participants estimated the mean lifetime ovarian cancer risk as 29.9 percent, considerably higher than the actual risk of 1.4 percent in the United States. More than one-third (35.4 percent) of participants estimated their lifetime risk to be ≥50 percent, and only 2.8 percent estimated their risk correctly. Cancer worry was low, with a median score of 7 out of 24, and anxiety was similar to published norms for this age group (STAI-State and STAI-Trait scores of 30 and 29, respectively, out of 80). Almost all respondents (97.2 percent) agreed or strongly agreed that the benefits of OCS outweighed the difficulties. Reluctance to undergo OCS was rarely due to time constraints, pain, or embarrassment (1.1, 2.0, and 1.9 percent, respectively).

"The discrepancy between knowledge of and attitudes toward ovarian cancer risk highlights the need for educational efforts in this area," the authors write.

One author disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical industry. A second author is a faculty member at Massachusetts General Hospital, which has licensed the Risk of Ovarian Cancer Algorithm.

Explore further: Pill effects on breast, ovarian CA same in high-risk women

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Pill effects on breast, ovarian CA same in high-risk women

October 22, 2013
(HealthDay)—Among women who are BRCA1/2 mutation carriers, the associations between ever use of oral contraceptives (OCs) and ovarian and breast cancers are similar to those observed in the general population, according ...

Daily aspirin may guard against ovarian cancer

February 6, 2014
(HealthDay)—Taking aspirin every day might lower a woman's risk of developing ovarian cancer by one-fifth, a new study suggests.

Excess weight a risk factor for ovarian cancer

March 11, 2014
(HealthDay)—A new report reveals that excess weight raises the risk of yet another kind of cancer, with the latest results linking levels of body fat to ovarian tumors.

Biomarkers predict time to ovarian cancer recurrence

August 15, 2013
Ovarian cancer often remains undetected until it is at an advanced stage. Despite positive responses to initial treatment, many patients are at risk of tumor recurrence. A multitude of genetic markers have been implicated ...

Preventive oophorectomy reduces risk of death by 77 percent for women with BRCA mutation

February 25, 2014
Women who carry a BRCA gene mutation and opt for a preventive oophorectomy, or ovary removal surgery, have a 77 per cent lower risk of death than those who do not, according to a new study led by Women's College Hospital's ...

Targeted treatment for ovarian cancer discovered

February 19, 2014
Researchers at Women & Infants Hospital of Rhode Island have developed a biologic drug that would prevent the production of a protein known to allow ovarian cancer cells to grow aggressively while being resistant to chemotherapy. ...

Recommended for you

Why baby's sex may influence risk of pregnancy-related complicatations

July 12, 2018
The sex of a baby controls the level of small molecules known as metabolites in the pregnant mother's blood, which may explain why risks of some diseases in pregnancy vary depending whether the mother is carrying a boy or ...

Study analyzes opioid overdose risk during and after pregnancy among Massachusetts women

July 11, 2018
A study of women giving birth in Massachusetts found a higher level of opioid use disorder than have studies conducted in other states. In a paper published in the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, the research team—consisting ...

High blood pressure in pregnancy linked to mother's heart function

July 9, 2018
Pregnant women who develop high blood pressure, or have small babies, may have hearts that pump less blood with each beat.

What you eat while pregnant may affect your baby's gut

July 4, 2018
A mother's diet during pregnancy may have an effect on the composition of her baby's gut microbiome—the community of bacteria living in the gut—and the effect may vary by delivery mode, according to study published in ...

New study reveals time and day women are most likely to give birth

June 15, 2018
A new study has found that the time and day that women give birth can vary significantly depending on how labour starts and the mode of giving birth.

Blood test for pregnant women can predict premature birth

June 7, 2018
A new blood test for pregnant women detects with 75-80 percent accuracy whether their pregnancies will end in premature birth. The technique can also be used to estimate a fetus's gestational age—or the mother's due date—as ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.