Norway detects "probable" case of mad cow disease

January 21, 2015
Cows are seen in a barn in southern Norway, on January 12, 2006

Norway said Wednesday it had detected a "probable" case of mad cow disease but urged consumers not to panic as it may not be the same variant as the British 1990s epidemic.

A second positive test for bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) on a 15-year-old cow reinforced suspicions that it had mad cow disease, the Norwegian Veterinary Institute said.

"We have a likely and strong suspicion of a possible variant of BSE," Bjoern Roethe Knudtsen of the Food and Safety Authority told public broadcaster NRK.

The authorities however said there was a distinction between the type of BSE caused by cows eating meat-based feed—banned in Europe since 2001 after the British epidemic—and an atypical version which has sporadically appeared in older cows in several European countries in recent years.

A definitive diagnosis can only be made by a European reference laboratory in Britain.

"We take this seriously and we are handling it as if our suspicion were confirmed," Food and Safety Authority official Solfrid Aamdal said in a statement.

The authority stressed that "more and more" BSE cases in Europe are of the atypical kind and that beef and milk consumption remains safe.

The cow's carcass, from a farm in west-central Norway, was destroyed and safety measures put in place for the rest of the herd.

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