Hydration during PCI cuts risk of contrast-induced nephropathy

Hydration during PCI cuts risk of contrast-induced nephropathy
Hydration during primary percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with a reduction in the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy, according to a study published in the May 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

(HealthDay)—Hydration during primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PPCI) is associated with a reduction in the risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN), according to a study published in the May 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

In an effort to examine the role of hydration in prevention of CIN, Alfonso Jurado-Román, M.D., from University Hospital 12 de Octubre in Madrid, and colleagues conducted a prospective trial involving 408 consecutive patients with ST-segment elevation undergoing PPCI. Participants were randomized to receive hydration with from the beginning of the procedure until 24 hours after it (NS+) or not (NS−).

The researchers identified CIN in 14 percent of patients: 21 percent in the NS− group and 11 percent in the NS+ group (P = 0.016). There were significant correlations for CIN with death (15.2 versus 2.8 percent; P < 0.0001) and the need for dialysis (13.4 versus 0 percent; P < 0.0001). The only predictors of CIN in multivariate analysis were hydration (odds ratio, 0.29; P = 0.003) and hemoglobin before the procedure (odds ratio, 0.69; P < 0.0001).

"Patients with CIN had increased mortality and need for dialysis," the authors write. "Given the higher incidence of CIN in emergent procedures, and its morbidity and mortality, preventive hydration should be mandatory in them unless contraindicated."


Explore further

Mortality up with CKD in PCI contrast-induced nephropathy

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Journal information: American Journal of Cardiology

Copyright © 2015 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Hydration during PCI cuts risk of contrast-induced nephropathy (2015, April 17) retrieved 18 October 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2015-04-hydration-pci-contrast-induced-nephropathy.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
25 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more