Children's exposure to secondhand smoke in England has dropped 80 percent since 1998

Cigarette smoke damages DNA within minutes after inhalation. Credit: iStock

A new study published today by the scientific journal Addiction finds that in England, children's exposure to second-hand smoke has declined by approximately 80% since 1998.

Also, an emerging social norm in England has led to the adoption of smoke-free homes not only when parents are non-smokers but also when they smoke. The proportion of living in a home reported to be smoke-free increased from 63% in 1998 to 87.3% in 2012.

The study gathered data from over 35,000 children who participated in the annual Health Survey for England (HSE) from 1998 to 2012. Children's to second-hand smoke was measured through the presence of cotinine, a derivative, in saliva samples. The body converts nicotine that has been absorbed as a result of inhaling tobacco smoke into cotinine which stays in the body much longer than nicotine and so provides an accurate record of the quantity of smoke inhaled in recent days.

In the late 1980s, the concentration of cotinine in the saliva of non-smoking children averaged 0.96 ng/ml. By 1998, that figure had dropped to 0.52 ng/ml, and by 2012 it had dropped further to 0.11 ng/ml. By 2012, over two thirds of all children had undetectable levels of cotinine, an occurrence that was once a rarity.

In 2010 the UK government included in its national tobacco control plan the ambition to see two-thirds of households with smoking parents go smoke-free by 2020. Already well over half of homes containing children with smoking parents have gone smoke-free. If current trends continue, government targets for protecting children from second-hand smoke will be reached ahead of time.

Explore further

Smoking in front of your kids may increase their risk of heart disease as adults

More information: Jarvis MJ and Feyerabend C. (2015) Recent trends in children's exposure to second-hand smoke in England: cotinine evidence from the Health Survey for England. Addiction 110: DOI: 10.1111/add.12962
Journal information: Addiction

Provided by Wiley
Citation: Children's exposure to secondhand smoke in England has dropped 80 percent since 1998 (2015, June 11) retrieved 26 January 2021 from
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Feedback to editors

User comments