Can unemployment increase stroke risk?

stroke
A blood clot forming in the carotid artery. Credit: copyright American Heart Association

Unemployment appears to increase the risk of having a stroke in middle-age Japanese men and women, and may have similar implications in the U.S, according to new research published in the American Heart Association's journal Stroke.

Compared with continuously employed middle-aged Japanese participants:

  • Those experiencing at least one period of unemployment increased risks of developing and dying from either ischemic (clot) stroke or hemorrhagic (bleed) stroke.
  • Reemployed men, but not women, also had increased risks of stroke.
  • Continuously unemployed men and women showed higher risks of .

Unlike in the United States, in Japan, workers are part of a "life-term employment system" in which male employees devote themselves to a stable job. "If they lose that job, they are likely to be reemployed in unsatisfactory, lower positions," said Ehab. S. Eshak, M.D., MSc., Ph.D., lead study author and visiting associate professor at Osaka University's medical school in Japan.

Researchers analyzed the long-term impacts of changes in employment among 21,902 Japanese men and 19,826 women, age 40-59, over 15 years. During that time, 973 men had a stroke and 275 died because of it, while 460 women had a and 131 died because of it.

The results may not apply to other countries because of cultural differences, including Japan's unique labor market.

"The main implication is that job security during the most productive work ages could help reduce ," said Hiroyasu Iso, M.D., Ph.D., M.P.H, study co-author and professor at Osaka University. "Those who do suffer a job loss need help in rejoining the labor market in an appropriate career."

The study could not distinguish between people who left a job on their own or were fired.


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More information: Ehab S. Eshak et al, Changes in the Employment Status and Risk of Stroke and Stroke Types, Stroke (2017). DOI: 10.1161/STROKEAHA.117.016967
Journal information: Stroke

Citation: Can unemployment increase stroke risk? (2017, April 13) retrieved 23 August 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2017-04-unemployment.html
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