Vaping doubles risk of smoking cigarettes for teens

Teenagers who try e-cigarettes double their risk for smoking tobacco cigarettes, according to a new study.

The study—from the University of Waterloo and the Wake Forest School of Medicine—found that students in grades seven to 12 who had tried an e-cigarette are 2.16 times more likely to be susceptible to cigarette .

"Since e-cigarettes came on the market there has been a debate about whether their use may lead to cigarette smoking," said Bruce Baskerville, co-author on the study and a researcher at the Propel Centre for Population Health Impact at the University of Waterloo. "The answer among adolescents is yes."

Using data from the Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey, the study found almost 10 per cent of students in grades seven to 12 reported ever having used e-cigarettes.

E-cigarettes can contain nicotine but not many of the harmful substances produced by smoking , such as tar or carbon monoxide. These products work through an inhalation-activated system that heats a solution to create an inhalable aerosol, often known as vapor.

"While preliminary evidence suggests that e-cigarettes contain fewer toxic chemicals than traditional cigarettes, our findings suggest that a potential increase in harmful cigarette use may follow as e-cigarette use continues to rise among adolescent populations," said Baskerville.

Provincial regulations for e-cigarettes vary across the country. In Ontario, the Electronic Cigarettes Act came into place on January 1, 2016 and prohibits the sale of e-cigarettes to anyone under 19 years of age.

"This study supports the restricting of e-cigarette access to minors, which have been shown to have heightened risk to initiate smoking," said Baskerville. "More research is needed in Canada on additional contributing risk factors as well as longitudinal data to evaluate the complex relationship between use and tobacco cigarette use in adolescence."

Tobacco remains the leading cause of preventable death in Canada. The study is published in Preventive Medicine.


Explore further

Schoolchildren who use e-cigarettes are more likely to try tobacco

Journal information: Preventive Medicine

Citation: Vaping doubles risk of smoking cigarettes for teens (2017, September 18) retrieved 17 August 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2017-09-vaping-cigarettes-teens.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
20 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Sep 18, 2017
Yet the rate of smoking among these age groups continue to plummet as vapor products destabilize the tobacco market and reinforce the fact that cigarettes are bad because vapor products are known to be less harmfu(why smoke when this won't hurt you as much?).

The Title of this article "Vaping doubles risk of smoking cigarettes for teens" is misleading, it's directly insinuating that vapor products are leading to more teens smoking when in fact all it shows is that teens who experiment are more likely to experiment with different things.

Over the last couple years since vapor products have become popular we've experienced one of the quickest declines in smoking rates we've seen since the beginning of the anti-smoking movement and I personally think if more public health groups supported harm reduction instead of sticking to the same old cessation only/quit or die nonsense those numbers would have been easily doubled.

Sep 19, 2017
Let's weigh the real facts. Vaping was invented in 1963, so yes it's been out for over 50 years. How many deaths have happened from vaping? Here is a hint, it's <1. How many people have died from tobacco use? Here is a hint >1,000,000,000. So conclusion, vaping is much better than smoking, so stop with the propaganda against vaping. It's that simple. "Vaping saves lives."

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more