Insulin pumps associated with lower risk of serious complications among young patients with type 1 diabetes

Compared with insulin injections, insulin pump therapy among young patients with type 1 diabetes was associated with a lower risk of diabetic ketoacidosis and severe hypoglycemia, according to a study published by JAMA.

The use of for intensive insulin therapy among patients with type l diabetes has increased substantially in recent years. Several studies have reported an increased risk of ketoacidosis (a serious diabetes complication where the body produces excess blood acids) associated with insulin pump therapy in pediatric patients with diabetes. Beate Karges, M.D., of RWTH Aachen University, Germany, and colleagues conducted a study that included patients with type 1 diabetes younger than 20 years and diabetes duration of more than one year who were treated with insulin pump therapy or with multiple (four or more) daily insulin injections.

Of 30,579 patients (average age, 14 years), 14,119 used pump therapy and 16,460 used . Pump therapy, compared with injection therapy, was associated with lower rates of (9.55 vs 13.97 per 100 patient-years) and (3.64 vs 4.26 per 100 patient-years). Glycated hemoglobin levels and total daily insulin doses were lower with pump therapy than with injection therapy.

"These findings provide evidence for improved clinical outcomes associated with insulin pump therapy compared with injection therapy in children, adolescents, and young adults with type 1 diabetes," the authors write.

Several limitations of the study are noted in the article.


Explore further

Risks of diabetics fasting during Ramadan: Hypoglycemia rates with insulin pump v. injections

More information: JAMA (2017). DOI: 10.1001/jama.2017.13994
Citation: Insulin pumps associated with lower risk of serious complications among young patients with type 1 diabetes (2017, October 10) retrieved 20 September 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2017-10-insulin-complications-young-patients-diabetes.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
0 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more