Alcohol acts as igniter of hate crimes

January 3, 2018, Cardiff University
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Prejudice is often only expressed when people are intoxicated, suggests a study by Cardiff University.

After interviewing accident and emergency attendees with injuries resulting from violence, researchers found that 18.5% of them considered themselves to have been attacked by people motivated by . Alcohol intoxication was reported as being particularly relevant and accounted for 90% of the targeted attacks.

Whereas the primary motivation was identified as hate, expression of this hate only occurred under intoxication.

Professor Jonathan Shepherd, Director of the Cardiff University Crime and Security Research Institute, said: "A striking aspect of the study was the discovery that most attacks weren't fuelled by hate alone; appeared to act as an igniter..."

The survey was carried out across three UK cities: Cardiff, Blackburn and Leicester. These cities were chosen as all three are home to multicultural, multi-ethnic and multi-religious populations.

Of the 23 people who claimed the attack on them was motivated by prejudice, seven cited their appearance as the perceived motive, five cited racial tensions within the communities they lived, three mentioned their place of residence and eight cases were attributed to race, religion or sexual orientation of the victims. All 23 attacks took place away from the victims' homes.

Limiting was viewed by many of those injured in targeted and hate violence as a good strategy to reduce the risk of attacks.

The research paper 'Injury resulting from targeted violence: An emergency department perspective' is published in Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health.

The team interviewed 124 patients for the study.

Explore further: Links between deprivation and risk of violence-related injury

More information: Vaseekaran Sivarajasingam et al. Injury resulting from targeted violence: An emergency department perspective, Criminal Behaviour and Mental Health (2017). DOI: 10.1002/cbm.2066

Related Stories

Links between deprivation and risk of violence-related injury

September 19, 2017
Adolescent girls from deprived areas are at greater risk of interpersonal violence than girls from more affluent areas because they feel distrusted by their parents, suggests a study by Cardiff University.

Serious violence in England and Wales drops 10 percent in 2014

April 22, 2015
Overall, an estimated 211,514 people attended Emergency Departments (EDs), Minor Injury Units (MIUs) and Walk-in Centres in England and Wales for treatment following violence in 2014 - 22,995 fewer than in 2013.

Recommended for you

Study compares athlete and truck driver, identical twins

July 20, 2018
When it comes to being fit, are genes or lifestyle—nature or nurture—more important? Researchers at San Francisco State University, CSU Fullerton and Cal Poly, Pomona removed the nature part of the equation by studying ...

Secondhand smoke causing thousands of still births in developing countries

July 20, 2018
The study reveals that more than 40% of all pregnant women in Pakistan are exposed to secondhand smoke—causing approximately 17,000 still births in a year.

Eating iron-fortified grain improves students' attention, memory

July 18, 2018
Adolescent students in a rural school in India who consumed an iron-biofortified version of the grain pearl millet exhibited improved attention and memory compared to those who consumed conventional pearl millet, according ...

Sugar improves memory in over-60s, helping them work smarter

July 18, 2018
Sugar improves memory in older adults – and makes them more motivated to perform difficult tasks at full capacity – according to new research by the University of Warwick.

Vaping tied to blood clots—in mice

July 18, 2018
A new study involving mice raises another concern about the danger of e-cigarettes in humans after experiments showed that short-term exposure to the device's vapors appeared to increase the risk of clot formation.

Lowering hospitals' Medicare costs proves difficult

July 18, 2018
A payment system that provides financial incentives for hospitals that reduce health-care costs for Medicare patients did not lower costs as intended, according to a new study led by Washington University School of Medicine ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.