Non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia risk affects all ages

January 13, 2018

(HealthDay)—Non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia (NV-HAP) is a significant burden in U.S. acute care hospitals and poses a risk to nonelderly, non-intensive unit (ICU) patients, according to research published in the January issue of the American Journal of Infection Control.

In an effort to determine the incidence and overall burden of NV-HAP, Dian Baker, Ph.D., R.N., from California State University in Sacramento, and Barbara Quinn, R.N., from Sutter Medical Center in Sacramento, retrospectively reviewed the charts of NV-HAP cases at 21 U.S. hospitals and searched for 2014 International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification codes for pneumonia not present on admission.

Across the 21 hospitals, the researchers identified 1,300 patients with NV-HAP (rate, 0.12 to 2.28 per 1,000 patient days). The majority of NV-HAP infections (70.8 percent) were acquired outside of ICUs, but 18.8 percent of cases required transfer into the ICU. Most of the did not have interventions aimed at pneumonia prevention in the 24 hours prior to diagnosis.

"We found that NV-HAP occurred on every unit, including in younger, healthy patients. This indicates that although some patients are clearly at higher risk, all patients carry some NV-HAP risk," the authors write. "Therapeutic interventions aimed at NV-HAP prevention are frequently not provided for in acute care hospitals."

Explore further: Younger patients constitute half of hospital-acquired pneumonia cases, most of which originate outside of the ICU

More information: Abstract/Full Text

Related Stories

Younger patients constitute half of hospital-acquired pneumonia cases, most of which originate outside of the ICU

January 9, 2018
Hospital-acquired pneumonia has long been associated with the elderly and intensive care units (ICU). But according to a new multicenter nationwide study, nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia (NV-HAP) occurs across all ...

High rate of ventilator-associated pneumonia found in small community hospitals

June 10, 2013
Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is one of the most frequent healthcare-associated infections found in intensive-care units (ICUs). New research on the prevalence of VAP in community hospitals shows small hospitals (less ...

Study shows one of the deadliest hospital-acquired infections is preventable

May 22, 2017
For some hospital patients, going on a ventilator is often the difference between life and death. About 800,000 hospital patients undergo mechanical ventilation each year in the United States due to a variety of illnesses ...

Drop in admission for aspiration pneumonia from 2002 to 2012

June 8, 2017
(HealthDay)—From 2002 to 2012 there was a decrease in the incidence of admission for aspiration pneumonia, according to research published in the June 1 issue of the Annals of the American Thoracic Society.

Study examines postoperative pneumonia prevention program in surgical ward

July 23, 2014
A postoperative pneumonia prevention program for patients in the surgical ward at a California Veterans Affairs hospital lowered the case rate for the condition, which can cause significant complications and increase the ...

Here's how many people get infections in Australian hospitals every year

August 16, 2017
Around 165,000 Australians contract infections in hospitals around the country every year, a study has found. The infections, which include urinary tract, staph, surgical site and respiratory infections in stroke patients, ...

Recommended for you

A new approach to developing a vaccine against vivax malaria

September 21, 2018
A novel study reports an innovative approach for developing a vaccine against Plasmodium vivax, the most prevalent human malaria parasite outside sub-Saharan Africa. The study led by Hernando A. del Portillo and Carmen Fernandez-Becerra, ...

Pre-clinical success for a universal flu vaccine offers hope for third generation approach

September 21, 2018
Researchers from the University of Oxford's Department of Zoology have demonstrated pre-clinical success for a universal flu vaccine in a new paper published in Nature Communications.

Researchers define possible molecular pathway for neurodegeneration in prion diseases

September 21, 2018
A new study has shed light on the mechanisms underlying the progression of prion diseases and identified a potential target for treatment.

Fighting a deadly parasite: Scientists devise a method to store Cryptosporidium, aiding vaccine research efforts

September 21, 2018
In May, just before one of the hottest summers on record, the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention issued a warning about diseases lurking in recreational water facilities like swimming pools and water playgrounds. ...

Scientists make significant discovery in the fight against drug-resistant tuberculosis

September 20, 2018
A team of scientists have identified a naturally occurring antibiotic that may help in the fight against drug-resistant Tuberculosis.

Anti-cancer drugs may hold key to overcoming antimalarial drug resistance

September 20, 2018
Scientists have found a way to boost the efficacy of the world's most powerful antimalarial drug with the help of chemotherapy medicines, according to new research published in the journal Nature Communications.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.