Disparities seen in gastric cancer patients' receipt of pre-op chemo

February 13, 2018

(HealthDay)—Racial and ethnic disparities in the use of preoperative chemotherapy exist among patients with gastric cancer in the United States, according to a study published online Feb. 2 in Cancer.

Naruhiko Ikoma, M.D., from the University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center in Houston, and colleagues used the National Cancer Data Base to identify 16,945 patients with clinical T2-4bN0-1M0 gastric adenocarcinoma, who underwent gastrectomy during 2006 to 2014.

The researchers found that nearly half of patients (49 percent) underwent preoperative chemotherapy. Over the study period, the use of preoperative chemotherapy remarkably increased from 34 percent in 2006 to 65 percent in 2014. Preoperative chemotherapy was used less frequently in races and ethnicities other than non-Hispanic white race, after adjusting for social, tumor, and hospital factors. The insurance status and the education level lessened the effect of racial and ethnic disparities in preoperative chemotherapy use. Use of preoperative chemotherapy and radiation therapy was associated with reduced racial and in overall survival.

"Efforts to improve the access to high-quality cancer care in minority groups may reduce in in the United States," the authors write.

Explore further: No link between pre-op cholesterol, post-op pain

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

No link between pre-op cholesterol, post-op pain

December 13, 2017
(HealthDay)—Preoperative levels of serum total cholesterol (TC) do not correlate with postoperative pain following laparoscopic surgery for gastric cancer, according to research published online Nov. 23 in PAIN Practice.

Normalized post-op CEA may help predict colon cancer prognosis

December 26, 2017
(HealthDay)—Colon cancer patients with elevated preoperative carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) levels that normalize after resection are not at increased risk for poor prognosis, according to a study published online Dec. ...

Racial/ethnic disparities up for live donor kidney transplant

January 4, 2018
(HealthDay)—Racial/ethnic disparities in the receipt of live donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) among first-time kidney transplantation candidates in the United States increased from 1995-1999 to 2010-2014, according to ...

Preoperative G-tube placement associated with cost savings

December 27, 2017
(HealthDay)—Preoperative placement of gastrostomy tubes (G-tubes) in patients with head and neck cancer yields cost savings, according to a study published online Nov. 13 in Head & Neck.

Few racial differences in peds anesthesia meds administration

August 17, 2017
(HealthDay)—There does not appear to be significant racial differences in preoperative or intraoperative medication administration for children undergoing emergency appendectomies, according to a study published online ...

Study links age, insurance, but not race, to chemo rates

August 10, 2012
(HealthDay) -- For women with breast cancer, disease characteristics correlate significantly with chemotherapy receipt, with no indication of racial barriers to treatment, according to a study published online Aug. 6 in the ...

Recommended for you

New breath and urine tests detect early breast cancer more accurately

April 25, 2018
A new method for early and accurate breast cancer screening has been developed by researchers at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev and Soroka University Medical Center, using commercially available technology.

Do prostate cancer cells have an Achilles' heel?

April 25, 2018
Researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago describe new ways to selectively kill prostate cancer cells by exploiting the cells' revved-up metabolism. They report their findings in the online journal, eLife.

Research shows possible new target for immunotherapy for solid tumors

April 24, 2018
Research from the University of Cincinnati (UC) reveals a potential new target to help T cells (white blood cells) infiltrate certain solid tumors.

Experimental arthritis drug prevents stem cell transplant complication

April 24, 2018
An investigational drug in clinical trials for rheumatoid arthritis prevents a common, life-threatening side effect of stem cell transplants, new research from Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis shows. ...

Scientists develop a new model for glioblastoma using gene-edited organoids

April 24, 2018
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is an incredibly deadly brain cancer and presents a serious black box challenge. It's virtually impossible to observe how these tumors operate in their natural environment and animal models don't ...

Changes in breast tissue increase cancer risk for older women

April 24, 2018
Researchers in Norway, Switzerland, and the United States have identified age-related differences in breast tissue that contribute to older women's increased risk of developing breast cancer. The findings, published April ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.