Voluntary exercise and energy balance

Physical exercise alone generally fails to produce meaningful weight loss in obese individuals, and reduced non-exercise activity has been suggested to explain this observation.

Daniel Lark, PhD, and colleagues explored how interactions between exercise (voluntary wheel running) and non-exercise activity ("off-wheel" activity) affect in mice.

They continuously monitored mouse behavior, energy intake and with locked running wheels (no exercise) for four days, followed by unlocked running wheels for nine days.

The researchers reported in the journal Diabetes that when running wheels were unlocked, mice engaged in voluntary exercise, which increased their energy expenditure and resulted in a negative energy balance. However, wheel running caused mice to decrease their off-wheel activity, such as roaming behavior. This reduction in non-exercise activity blunted the negative energy balance.

The study is the first to report an independent contribution of non-exercise physical activity to energy expenditure and energy balance in mice. By doing so, the study provides a model to further study mechanisms that regulate body weight.


Explore further

Exercising early in life yields rewards in adult years

More information: Daniel S. Lark et al. Reduced Nonexercise Activity Attenuates Negative Energy Balance in Mice Engaged in Voluntary Exercise, Diabetes (2018). DOI: 10.2337/db17-1293
Journal information: Diabetes

Citation: Voluntary exercise and energy balance (2018, March 23) retrieved 21 September 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2018-03-voluntary-energy.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
3 shares

Feedback to editors

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more