Five ways to protect your eye health

May 25, 2018

(HealthDay)—Your risk of vision problems increases with age, but there are things you can do to protect your sight, eye doctors say.

By age 65, one in three Americans will have a vision-impairing . But early treatment of many of these conditions can slow or halt vision loss, or even restore normal vision, according to the American Academy of Ophthalmology.

To help save your sight, the academy recommends the following:

  • Get checked. Have a thorough medical eye exam by age 40, when early signs of disease or changes in vision may begin without any symptoms.
  • Know your risk. It's important to find out about your family history, because certain eye diseases can be inherited. For example, if you have a close relative with , you have a 50 percent chance of developing the disease. A of glaucoma increases your risk of that condition by four to nine times.
  • Eat right. Protecting your vision is another good reason to stick to a healthy diet that's low in fat and high in fruits, vegetables and whole grains. Eye-healthy foods include citrus fruits, vegetable oils, nuts, dark green leafy vegetables and cold water fish—such as mackerel, salmon or cod.
  • Don't smoke. Smoking increases the risk of eye diseases, such as cataracts and . It also raises the risk for cardiovascular diseases that can harm your eye health. Tobacco smoke, including secondhand smoke, also worsens dry eye.
  • Wear sunglasses. Exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light increases the risk of eye diseases such as cataracts, fleshy growths on the eye and cancer. Always wear sunglasses with 100 percent UV protection while outdoors, as well as a hat.

Explore further: Healthy diet, healthy eyes

More information: SOURCE: American Academy of Ophthalmology, news release, May 2018

The U.S. National Eye Institute has more on eye health.

Related Stories

Healthy diet, healthy eyes

April 20, 2018
(HealthDay)—Healthy eating may help preserve your vision as you age, eye experts say.

Annual eye exam is vital if you have diabetes

March 8, 2018
(HealthDay)—A yearly eye exam is a key part of diabetes treatment, experts say.

Are you at risk for macular degeneration?

April 13, 2018
Many people accept deteriorating eyesight as an inevitable part of getting older, but blurry or distorted vision – such as when straight lines appear wavy – could be signs of age-related macular degeneration.

Sun's UV rays a threat to your eyes, too

May 12, 2018
(HealthDay)—It's not just your skin that needs protection from ultraviolet rays, health experts warn.

A diet to help prevent serious eye illness

May 26, 2016
Want a diet that might help your eyes? Think green.

Eat right to protect your sight

March 31, 2015
(HealthDay)—A number of nutrients can help keep your eyes healthy, and some may even improve your eyesight, an eye doctor says.

Recommended for you

Researchers reverse congenital blindness in mice

August 15, 2018
Researchers funded by the National Eye Institute (NEI) have reversed congenital blindness in mice by changing supportive cells in the retina called Müller glia into rod photoreceptors. The findings advance efforts toward ...

Autoimmune response drives vision loss in glaucoma

August 10, 2018
A research team from Massachusetts Eye and Ear and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology has shown that immune cells in the eye that developed in response to early exposure to bacteria are a key contributor to progressive ...

Is too much screen time harming children's vision?

August 6, 2018
As children spend more time tethered to screens, there is increasing concern about potential harm to their visual development. Ophthalmologists—physicians who specialize in medical and surgical eye care—are seeing a marked ...

Researchers chart a course for AI-aided diagnosis of degenerative eye conditions

August 1, 2018
A team of researchers from Johns Hopkins is leading the way in understanding how the advent of electronic medical records with large image databases and advances in artificial intelligence with deep learning can offer medical ...

Derivative of turmeric eye drops could treat glaucoma

July 24, 2018
A derivative of turmeric could be used in eye drops to treat the early stages of glaucoma, finds a new study led by UCL and Imperial College London researchers.

Researchers are one step closer to developing eye drops to treat age-related macular degeneration

July 19, 2018
Scientists at the University of Birmingham are one step closer to developing an eye drop that could revolutionise treatment for age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.