Scientists find new clues about how the body stores fat

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Fat, biologically speaking, is not a bad thing. Fatty acids—the molecular building blocks for body fat—are crucial to the formation of cell walls and for storing energy in the form of glycerolipids. Now, Rockefeller scientists have identified a protein that regulates how these molecules are made and used. This research, published in Molecular Cell, also points to a potential new treatment for some metabolic diseases, including diabetes, hepatic liver dysfunction, and other metabolic disorders.

Though have plenty of use for , these molecules can, in excess, be dangerous. "It was known that too much fatty acid can cause cell toxicity," says Kivanç Birsoy, the Chapman Perelman Assistant Professor. "But it was not clear exactly how these molecules become toxic."

Birsoy, along with graduate fellow Xiphias Ge Zhu, conducted genetic screens based on CRISPR-Cas9 gene-editing technology to identify molecules involved in the production and accumulation of lipids. They discovered a small protein, called CHP1, that activates a cellular pathway responsible for turning fatty acids into glycerolipids.

Moving forward, Birsoy hopes to determine whether drugs that interfere with CHP1 could impede fat storage in individuals vulnerable to the toxic effects of fatty acids.


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More information: Xiphias Ge Zhu et al. CHP1 Regulates Compartmentalized Glycerolipid Synthesis by Activating GPAT4, Molecular Cell (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j.molcel.2019.01.037
Journal information: Molecular Cell

Citation: Scientists find new clues about how the body stores fat (2019, March 7) retrieved 11 December 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-03-scientists-clues-body-fat.html
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