Research shows that drinking Matcha tea can reduce anxiety

Matcha
Credit: CC0 Public Domain

Many different countries have a tea culture, and Japanese Matcha tea is growing in popularity around the world. In Japan, Matcha has a long history of being used for various medicinal purposes. It has been suspected to have various beneficial effects to health, but relatively little scientific evidence has supported that claim. Now, a group of Japanese researchers from Kumamoto University has shown that anxious behavior in mice is reduced after consuming Matcha powder or Matcha extract. Its calming effects appear to be due to mechanisms that activate dopamine D1 receptors and serotonin 5-HT1A receptors, both of which are closely related to anxious behavior.

Matcha is the finely ground powder of new leaves from shade-grown (90% shade) Camellia sinensis green tea bushes. The tea (and food flavoring) is enjoyed around the world. In Japan, historical medicinal uses for Matcha included helping people relax, preventing obesity, and treatment of skin conditions. The researchers, therefore, sought to determine its various beneficial effects.

The "elevated plus maze" test is an elevated, plus-shaped, narrow platform with two walled arms that provide safety for the test subject, typically a mouse. It is used as an anxiety test for rodents with the idea that animals experiencing higher anxiety will spend more time in the safer walled-off areas. Using this , researchers found that mouse anxiety was reduced after consuming Matcha powder or Matcha extract. In addition, when the anxiolytic activity of different Matcha extracts were evaluated, a stronger effect was found with the extract derived using 80% ethanol in comparison to the extract derived from only hot water. In other words, a poorly water-soluble Matcha component has stronger anxiolytic effects than a component that is easily soluble in water. A behavioral pharmacological analysis further revealed that Matcha and Matcha extracts reduce by activating dopamine D1 and serotonin 5-HT1A receptors.

"Although further epidemiological research is necessary, the results of our study show that Matcha, which has been used as medicinal agent for many years, may be quite beneficial to the human body," said study leader, Dr. Yuki Kurauchi. "We hope that our research into Matcha can lead to health benefits worldwide."

  • Research shows that drinking Matcha tea can reduce anxiety
    An "elevated plus maze" test was carried out one hour after mice drank water or Matcha green tea. (A) Mouse movement trajectory, (B) & (C) Percentage of time spent and distance traveled (cm) of mice in the open arms of the elevated plus maze test respectively. The mice that drank Matcha green tea had high scores for each evaluation item, meaning that their anxious behavior was reduced. Credit: Dr. Yuki Kurauchi
  • Research shows that drinking Matcha tea can reduce anxiety
    This test uses a mouse's natural preference to stay in dark and narrow places (closed arms). The longer a mouse spends in the open areas (open arms) and the more distance it travels, the more its anxiety level is thought to decrease. Credit: Dr. Yuki Kurauchi

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More information: Yuki Kurauchi et al, Anxiolytic activities of Matcha tea powder, extracts, and fractions in mice: Contribution of dopamine D1 receptor- and serotonin 5-HT1A receptor-mediated mechanisms, Journal of Functional Foods (2019). DOI: 10.1016/j.jff.2019.05.046
Journal information: Journal of Functional Foods

Citation: Research shows that drinking Matcha tea can reduce anxiety (2019, July 9) retrieved 15 October 2019 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2019-07-matcha-tea-anxiety.html
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