Loss of 'Jedi' receptor alters neuron activity

Loss of 'Jedi' receptor alters neuron activity
Jedi is expressed in peripheral glia and endothelium. (A) Cross section of adult (8–12 weeks old) WT sciatic nerve stained for Jedi-1 (magenta) and DAPI (blue). Insets 1 and 2 show Jedi expression in blood vessels. See Supplementary Fig. S2 for validation of Jedi-1 expression in perineurial glial cells. (B) WT P0 DRG co-stained for Jedi-1 (red), satellite glial marker BFABP (green), and DAPI (blue). (C) WT DRG co-stained for Jedi-1 (red) and PGP9.5 (green) and TOPRO3 (blue). Right shows inset. (D) Right: Primary WT DRG cultures stained for neurons using Tuj1 (green) and Jedi-1 (red). Left: HeLa cells overexpressing mouse Jedi-1 were used as a positive control for Jedi-1 immunocytochemistry in vitro. All images were analyzed in ImageJ version 2.0.0-rc-69/1.52p. Credit: Scientific Reports (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-57971-2

The cell bodies of peripheral sensory neurons that respond to and transmit information about stimuli including touch, temperature and pain reside in the dorsal root ganglia (DRG). DRG neuron hyperexcitability is correlated with chronic pain.

Bruce Carter's group previously identified Jedi-1, a receptor expressed by satellite glia in the DRG that plays a role in the normal clearance of DRG neurons that die during development.

Graduate student Alexandra Trevisan and colleagues further investigated Jedi-1 function in vivo using mice lacking Jedi-1. They were surprised to find changes in DRG neuron activity, despite the fact that sensory neurons do not express Jedi-1. They demonstrated an increase in the fraction of capsaicin-sensitive neurons, increased excitability, altered firing patterns and changes in sodium currents.

The study in Scientific Reports shows that loss of Jedi-1 alters DRG neuron activity indirectly through an interaction between non- and . Targeting neurons through may be an alternative treatment for chronic pain, the authors suggest.

More information: Alexandra J. Trevisan et al. Jedi-1 deficiency increases sensory neuron excitability through a non-cell autonomous mechanism, Scientific Reports (2020). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-020-57971-2

Journal information: Scientific Reports

Citation: Loss of 'Jedi' receptor alters neuron activity (2020, March 13) retrieved 26 September 2023 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2020-03-loss-jedi-receptor-neuron.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Explore further

Inflammation amps up neurite growth, gene expression involved in heat, cold sensitivity


Feedback to editors