Prescription opioid misuse tied to increased suicide behaviors in youth

Prescription opioid misuse tied to increased suicide behaviors in youth

(HealthDay)—Youth with prescription opioid misuse (POM), especially current POM, have an increased risk for suicide-related behaviors, according to a study published online March 1 in Pediatrics.

Natalie J. Wilkins, Ph.D., from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention in Atlanta, and colleagues used data from the 2019 Youth Risk Behavior Survey to examine the correlations between POM and suicide risk behaviors among U.S. .

The researchers found that both current and past POM were significantly associated with all suicide risk behaviors compared with no POM, after adjustment for demographics, alcohol, and other drug use. The highest adjusted prevalence ratios for suicidal ideation, planning, attempts, and feeling sad or hopeless were seen for students who reported current POM (adjusted prevalence ratios, 2.30, 2.33, 3.21, and 1.59, respectively). Compared with youth who reported past POM, students who reported current POM were significantly more likely to report having seriously considered attempting suicide, making a suicide plan, and attempting suicide.

"Communities can address the intersections of POM and youth suicide through upstream primary prevention approaches, such as preventing (e.g., child maltreatment or witnessing or experiencing violence), which have been linked to higher youth POM and suicide risk, and by strengthening strategies that promote safe, stable, nurturing relationships and environments during childhood," the authors write.

Explore further

Rates of suicide, suicide attempts up for individuals with autism

More information: Abstract/Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)
Journal information: Pediatrics

Copyright © 2020 HealthDay. All rights reserved.

Citation: Prescription opioid misuse tied to increased suicide behaviors in youth (2021, March 1) retrieved 9 May 2021 from
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.

Feedback to editors

User comments