Pet therapy: How dogs, cats and horses help improve human well-being

Pet therapy: how dogs, cats and horses help improve human wellbeing
Credit: Monkey business images/Shutterstock

We've all heard of the psychotherapy couch, and the dynamic between a client and their human therapist. But perhaps less well known is the increasingly popular pet therapy. And no, that's not therapy for your pet—it's the relatively new phenomenon of therapy for humans, which involves animals.

These animal assisted interventions (AAIs)—which also include a trained human professional—are proving beneficial to people of all ages, leading to significant reductions in physiological responses to stress—such as heart rate—and associated emotions, such as anxiety.

It's a longstanding and widely accepted fact that people of all ages can benefit from partnerships with animals as pets. From the joy of the human-animal bond, to companionship and improved mental health, there is no doubt that cats, dogs and other pets enhance our lives immeasurably.

But over the last ten years or so, have started to help humans in settings away from the home—such as hospitals and care homes for the elderly, as well as schools, universities, prisons and rehabilitation services.

The Royal University Hospital Emergency Department in Saskatchewan, Canada, for example, has been welcoming (and their handlers) since 2016.

A recent study based at the hospital set out to investigate whether canine had any impact on the well-being of patients—the majority (around 70%) of which had been admitted and were waiting for a hospital bed, and all of whom were experiencing pain.

They each received a ten minute visit from a St John Ambulance therapy dog in addition to the usual hospital care. Using a detailed psychometric survey, the researchers assessed patients immediately before the visit, immediately afterwards and 20 minutes afterwards. They were encouraged to find that the patients reported a significant reduction in pain, anxiety and depression following the visit by the therapy dog—and an increase in general well-being.

Therapy involving dogs can also reduce blood pressure and heart rate.

Pet therapy: how dogs, cats and horses help improve human wellbeing
Stroking and interacting with a cat can improve our mood and reduce loneliness. Credit: Toa55/shutterstock

Cats and horses also help

Over the last ten years, cats have also joined the AAI movement—and have been used in settings such as schools and to improve well-being. Just being in the presence of a cat has been shown to improve mood and reduce feelings of loneliness. Playing with a cat, and through stroking and hugging, can induce a sense of calm, especially for children and frail elderly patients in long term care.

In fact, even a cat's purr can bring emotional relief, especially when we're feeling stressed.

One study—with patients living with chronic age-related disabilities in a nursing home—found that those who were assigned a cat therapy session three times a week, for six weeks, had improved depressive symptoms and a significant decrease in blood pressure.

Horse assisted therapy is particularly useful for young people experiencing mental health and behavioral issues. In many cases, those who have not benefited from traditional, talk-based therapy, may experience benefits—particularly an increased feeling of calm and emotional control—when participating in horse therapy, during which they learn how to communicate with and care for the .

Similarly, therapeutic horse riding therapy provides physical and emotional benefits to children with disabilities, helping to improve their balance, posture and hand-to-eye coordination. It can also help children to learn to trust and become more socially aware.

Therapeutic horse riding has been shown to improve symptoms of PTSD in adults, too. And equine therapy, where there is no riding—but instead feeding, grooming and leading the horse—can help people to process and change negative behaviors, such as those associated with addiction.

Pet therapy: how dogs, cats and horses help improve human wellbeing
Horses can read our emotions and adjust their behaviour accordingly. Credit: Goodmoments/shutterstock

Why pets are good therapists

Building relationships and through socializing and is a key part of maintaining and improving our .

Animals, when left to their own devices, also make and work to maintain and enhance emotional relationships and connections with others. We are extremely lucky that—when it comes to dogs, and horses—this tendency also extends to humans, as long as we behave in a way that is comfortable for the animal.

And science has shown that they can understand what is happening in our interactions with them, too.

Horses can read and tune into human emotions. They can even learn about a person from watching them interact with another horse, and adjust their behavior accordingly—such as approaching and touching the person more if they appear to display discomfort around the other horse.

Research with dogs and cats has found that they too can read and respond to our body language, facial expressions and voices.

Part of the joy of building a connection with an animal is discovering who they are and what they enjoy—and it goes without saying that their welfare must always be a top priority. But if think you have a superstar therapy pet in the making, then do consider reaching out to a pet therapy organization in your area, such as Pets As Therapy in the UK. They'd be glad to meet you and your animal companion.


Explore further

Treating pets for cancer can revolutionize care for humans

Provided by The Conversation

This article is republished from The Conversation under a Creative Commons license. Read the original article.The Conversation

Citation: Pet therapy: How dogs, cats and horses help improve human well-being (2022, April 11) retrieved 6 July 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-04-pet-therapy-dogs-cats-horses.html
This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.
11 shares

Feedback to editors