Psychological factors contribute to biological aging: Evidence from the aging rate in Chinese older adults

Psychological factors contribute to biological aging: Evidence from the aging rate in Chinese older adults
(1) Blood and biometric data, in addition to biological sex, were used to construct a neural network aimed to predict chronological age; (2) The age predicted by the model, hereby denoted as “biological age” was tested in healthy and ill participants to identify conditions interpreted as accelerated aging; (3) Then, regressive analysis was performed using an elastic net to quantify the total contribution of demographic, lifestyle, and psychological factors, hereby denoted as “psychological state,” to biological age; (4) The weight of each variable was understood as age acceleration, with the aggregate effect of one’s psychological state being able to accelerate biological aging by 1.65 years. Credit: Aging (2022). DOI: 10.18632/aging.204264

Aging clocks are statistical models that enable measurements of biological age, as opposed to chronological age. While the latter is determined by one's date of birth, the former depends on the intensity of aging processes and can be affected by genetics, life choices, and the environment. Most commonly, such aging clocks are regressors, trained to predict a person's chronological age based on a vector of input parameters, such as clinical blood test results, gene expression levels, or DNA methylation intensities.

In a new study, researchers Fedor Galkin, Kirill Kochetov, Diana Koldasbayeva, Manuel Faria, Helene H. Fung, Amber X. Chen, and Alex Zhavoronkov from Deep Longevity, Stanford University, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Insilico Medicine, and the Buck Institute for Research on Aging developed a aging clock using blood test data from the China Health and Retirement Longitudinal Study (CHARLS), which has a mean absolute error of 5.68 years.

"Using data from the Chinese CHARLS database, we have demonstrated that organismal aging is not only determined by physical factors but also, to a certain degree, affected by mental state and social status."

The clock detects accelerated aging in people with heart, liver, and lung conditions. The researchers demonstrated that , such as feeling unhappy or being lonely, add up to 1.65 years to one's , and the aggregate effect exceeds the effects of biological sex, living area, marital status, and smoking status. They concluded that the psychological component should not be ignored in aging studies due to its significant impact on biological age. The study findings further support the necessity of companionship and a psychologically pleasant environment for healthy longevity.

"We interpreted biological age as a proxy for the general state of health and show that positive feelings (happiness, hope, safety) have a significant impact on the former."

The research was published in Aging.

More information: Fedor Galkin et al, Psychological factors substantially contribute to biological aging: evidence from the aging rate in Chinese older adults, Aging (2022). DOI: 10.18632/aging.204264
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Citation: Psychological factors contribute to biological aging: Evidence from the aging rate in Chinese older adults (2022, October 3) retrieved 5 December 2022 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2022-10-psychological-factors-contribute-biological-aging.html
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