Researchers find prognostic indicators among people with diabetes and coronary artery disease
Several biomarkers have been studied as prognostic indicators among people with diabetes and coronary artery disease (CAD). The purpose of this study was to determine the prognostic value of neutrophil counts and the Gensini score in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).
A total of 694 people with ACS and T2DM who simultaneously had elevated HBA1c received PCI. Spearman rank correlation estimates were used for correlation evaluation. Multivariate Cox regression and Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to identify characteristics associated with major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events (MACCEs) and patient survival. The effects of single- and multi-factor indices on MACCEs were evaluated through receiver operating characteristic curve analysis.
The Gensini score and neutrophil count significantly differed between the MACCE and non-MACCE groups among patients receiving PCI who had concomitant ACS and T2DM with elevated HBA1c (P<0.001). The Gensini score and neutrophil count were strongly associated with MACCEs (log-rank, P<0.001).
The Gensini score and neutrophil count, alone or in combination, were predictors of MACCEs, according to multivariate Cox regression analysis (adjusted hazard ratio [HR], 1.005; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.002–1.008; P=0.002; adjusted HR, 1.512; 95% CI, 1.005–2.274; P=0.047, respectively). The Gensini score was strongly associated with neutrophil count (variance inflation factor ≥ 5). Area under the curve analysis revealed that the combination of multivariate factors predicted the occurrence of MACCEs better than any single variable.
In patients with T2DM and ACS with elevated HBA1c who underwent PCI, both the Gensini score and neutrophil count were independent predictors of outcomes. The combination of both predictors has a higher predictability.
The findings are published in the journal Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications.
More information: Yanyan Xu et al, Combination of Neutrophil Count and Gensini Score as a Prognostic Marker in Patients with ACS and Uncontrolled T2DM Undergoing PCI, Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (2023). DOI: 10.15212/CVIA.2023.0051