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'Exhalation' system improves symptoms for most common form of chronic sinus infections

'Exhalation' system improves symptoms for most common form of chronic sinus infections
Mechanism of action of the EDS-FLU.EDS-FLU delivers medication using an EDS. The sealed-palate, bidirectional, “burst” biomechanics created by the EDS during use deposit topically acting anti-inflammatory high and deep in sinonasal drainage tracts and sinuses. The patient inserts the nosepiece into 1 nostril and the mouthpiece between the lips. After taking a deep breath, the patient blows into the mouthpiece. Static positive pressure is created by a closed internal valve and is subsequently released in an “air burst” when the spray pump is actuated by pressing the vial. The device mechanism coordinates the release of drug into the “burst” of orally generated airflow to reduce coordination demands on the patient. Exhalation through the mouth against device resistance elevates the soft palate and creates an airtight seal, isolating the oral cavity from the nasal cavities. On actuation, but not before, the EDS channels air from the mouthpiece to the sealing nosepiece. Under these conditions, exhaled air also creates a positive intranasal pressure, which acts to expand spaces that are narrowed by soft tissue or inflammation. This is the opposite of negative pressure created by Bernoulli’s forces during “sniffing” of a standard-delivery inhaled nasal spray, which tend to further narrow or collapse spaces that are narrowed by soft tissues or inflammation. The exhaled breath, at physiologic temperature and humidity, accompanies the aerosol from the pump applicator beyond the nasal valve and creates “bidirectional” airflow that floats medication beyond the head of the inferior turbinate and into upper posterior regions of the nasal cavity above the inferior turbinate, including the middle meatus and ostiomeatal complex. Air pressure is relieved through the contralateral nostril without building up in Eustachian tubes. Credit: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.jaip.2023.12.016

An exhalation delivery system that uses a patient's own breath to carry the anti-inflammatory compound fluticasone (EDS-FLU) directly to the sinuses reduces chronic sinus infection (sinusitis) symptoms and decreases aggravations and infections associated with chronic inflammation of the sinus by more than 50 percent, researchers from the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania reported.

The randomized, international clinical trials (NCT03781804 and NCT03960580), published today in The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice, compared EDS-FLU to a placebo in more than 500 adults with with or without nasal polyps.

Patients used either EDS-FLU or a placebo twice daily for 24 weeks. EDS-FLU works through a patient exhaling into the device to send the medication deep into the far reaches of their sinus cavities, where the topical medication is most effective. Compared to a placebo, sinus symptom scores and CT scan results were significantly improved.

Symptoms of nasal congestion, nasal discharge, facial pain/pressure, and loss of smell improved dramatically with EDS-FLU compared to placebo, as measured by the sinonasal outcome test-22, a standardized scoring measure for sinonasal symptoms.

"Chronic sinusitis affects as much as 10 percent of the United States population and can make breathing uncomfortable and negatively impact a person's daily life," said lead author James N. Palmer, MD, the David W. Kennedy, MD Endowed Professor of Otorhinolaryngology and director of Rhinology at Penn Medicine. "These findings provide strong evidence for an effective, non-invasive treatment option for people who continue to experience symptoms after over-the-counter medications have failed."

Millions of Americans experience the symptoms of chronic sinus infections and inflammation, a largely inflammatory condition that causes , sinus pressure, and pain when the sinus membranes are inflamed for long periods of time. Although over-the-counter nasal sprays offer marginal relief, no FDA-approved medication exists for the most common form of the condition, chronic rhinosinusitis without nasal polyps, known as "chronic sinusitis."

While some nasal sprays may offer some symptom relief, patients who were using a standard-delivery nasal spray before study enrollment still reported similar improvements in symptoms compared to others in the study. These are the first placebo-controlled clinical trials to show that medication reduces subjective symptoms and objective measures of sinus disease for patients with chronic sinusitis, both with and without polyps.

Currently, patients whose symptoms are not resolved by over-the-counter nasal sprays or other medications have limited options for relief, including antibiotics, surgery, or—for patients with —lifelong biologic therapies.

EDS-FLU was determined to be as safe as standard over-the-counter .

More information: James N. Palmer et al, Efficacy of EDS-FLU for Chronic Rhinosinusitis: Two Randomized Controlled Trials (ReOpen1 and ReOpen2), The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.jaip.2023.12.016

Citation: 'Exhalation' system improves symptoms for most common form of chronic sinus infections (2024, January 18) retrieved 16 April 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-01-exhalation-symptoms-common-chronic-sinus.html
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