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More evidence needed to understand consumer behavior around no- and low-alcoholic drinks

cranberry alcohol drink
Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain

There is not yet enough data on consumer behavior around no-and-low-alcoholic (NOLO) drinks to position them as the "healthy" alternative to alcoholic beverages, say researchers.

There has been widespread support for NOLO drinks, including by a number of government bodies, based on the assumption that if produced for supermarkets and pubs and promoted to consumers, that they could help to replace some alcoholic drinks, and help improve and safety.

Research at the University of York, however, has shown there is very little evidence to support this view, and that more data is needed on consumer behavior world-wide to create a strategy for the marketing of NOLO drinks before it can be claimed as a replacement to alcoholic drinks. The study is published in the journal Food Quality and Preference.

Global North

Reviewing the latest research into NOLO consumption, they found that 97% of the data collected and published in English language academic sources is based on the Global North and very little is known about consumption in the Global South.

The researchers highlight that if NOLO drinks are being pushed by health promoters and governments as a healthier option, then it is important to understand whether they are being consumed instead of alcohol or in addition to alcohol.

They found that research broadly addresses biological, psychological, and influencing NOLO consumption, but there is very little consistency in the data, meaning that no firm conclusions can be made across any of these areas.

Booming industry

Professor Victoria Wells, from the University of York's School of Business and Society, said, "Although the NOLO industry is booming in terms of sales we know very little about how, when, and in what ways it is chosen by and used by consumers. NOLO has been promoted as being a healthy alternative, and governments hope that consumers will use it to replace alcoholic drinks, but there is no research that currently supports this."

The NOLO industry is currently worth £255 million in the U.K. and its value is expected to reach £432 million by 2027. The industry often explains this growth as a result of young people wanting to lead healthier lifestyles, particularly through experiences of the pandemic.

Taste test

Although NOLO has gained more attention in recent years, the researchers point out that it is far from being a new phenomenon, and variations of the product have existed since the medieval period. It saw a resurgence in the 1980s and 1990s, but taste has often been a barrier to its success.

The team also found that some research focuses on biology as a factor, such as genetics potentially influencing preferences for beer flavors. Gender was a consideration with women tending to be more health conscious and willing to try alternatives to alcohol for example, but some research points to men being the main purchaser of NOLO.

Similarly, there is no agreement on age as a factor, with some saying young people are the target, 18 and over, and others pointing to slightly older and narrower target groups, such as pregnant women, and sports professionals.

Diet and mood

Dr. Nadine Waehning, from the University of York's School of Business and Society said, "Emotional response was also a key area in the research, with NOLO being a consideration for those wanting to lose weight, improve diet, and enhance their mood, but at the same time marketers point out that positioning them as 'diet drinks' does not work.

"We see the same disagreements on environmental factors, with some arguing this should be a staple in the hospitality industry, but other research suggesting that people are most likely to consume the drinks at home or small social gatherings, like a birthday party."

Formal strategy

Culture was also an area that was largely missing from the research, with some data on U.S. consumers suggesting sweeter drinks were preferred, but very little on cultures and religions that frown upon alcohol consumption in certain circumstances or don't allow alcohol assumption at all.

Professor Wells said, "If we want to really push NOLO as a product that could help reduce the number of serious diseases, such as alcoholism and obesity, and more generally improve healthy drinking habits, then we need the data that proves this, and a more formal strategy on how these drinks are marketed to consumers to make sure they are enjoyed in the right ways."

More information: Nadine Waehning et al, Product, individual and environmental factors impacting the consumption of no and low alcoholic drinks: A systematic review and future research agenda, Food Quality and Preference (2024). DOI: 10.1016/j.foodqual.2024.105163

Journal information: Food Quality and Preference
Provided by University of York
Citation: More evidence needed to understand consumer behavior around no- and low-alcoholic drinks (2024, March 20) retrieved 23 May 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-03-evidence-consumer-behavior-alcoholic.html
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