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Neighborhood connection improves mental health, says study

neighbors
Credit: Unsplash/CC0 Public Domain

University of Queensland research has found building a sense of community is key to improving people's mental health, particularly in low socio-economic suburbs.

Professor Alex Haslam from UQ's School of Psychology is part of a research team that modeled the effect of social and , and identified a strong but complex link between where people live and their .

"We found people who live in disadvantaged or resource scarce postcodes have worse mental health than those in advantaged or resource abundant neighborhoods," Professor Haslam said.

"But it's not only advantage or disadvantage that matters.

"We found people tend to have greater resilience when they feel part of a community, which can prevent symptoms of depression and reduce stress and anxiety.

"There are many features of a neighborhood that can affect health and well-being, and it's important to understand those when promoting health in the community."

The researchers integrated the findings of more than 50 studies conducted with globally, including , charities, men's sheds, choirs and other hobby groups. The work is published in the journal Personality and Social Psychology Review.

Professor Haslam said the research showed community-based initiatives designed to improve health and well-being were most effective when they contributed to neighborhood identity-building.

"We find when residents relate to each other in terms of a shared neighborhood identity this tends to be very good for their mental health," Professor Haslam said.

"When neighborhoods are designed with this goal in mind, activities like volunteering, grassroots participation, and campaigns to promote connection are a good opportunity for policymakers to have a positive impact.

"Community grants and spaces that allow local groups to develop and enact an inclusive sense of shared identity help to increase the of vulnerable and disadvantaged people in ways that are good for them and the wider community.

"When people see their neighborhood as cohesive, this increases their willingness to work together in ways that support mental health.

"A central insight of our work is shared is the key to understanding and improving the mental health of neighborhoods, and this needs to be a focus for efforts to unite and heal fractured communities."

More information: S. Alexander Haslam et al, Connecting to Community: A Social Identity Approach to Neighborhood Mental Health, Personality and Social Psychology Review (2023). DOI: 10.1177/10888683231216136

Citation: Neighborhood connection improves mental health, says study (2024, March 21) retrieved 23 May 2024 from https://medicalxpress.com/news/2024-03-neighborhood-mental-health.html
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